Synthesis, characterization, and morphological control of CaCu3Ti4O12 through modify sol–gel method

  • S. Mostafa Hosseinpour-Mashkani
  • Majid Ramezani
  • Ali Sobhani-Nasab
  • Mahdiyeh Esmaeili-Zare


This paper describes the synthesis of CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) with different morphologies like nanoparticles and nanorod prepared through modifies sol–gel method by using different surfactants (CTAB, SDS, PVP, and PVA). This study aimed to investigate the effects of different surfactant such as CTAB, SDS, PVP, and PVA and chelate agent on the morphology, particle size, and crystal structure of final products. It was found that the size and morphology of the products could be greatly influenced by the aforementioned parameters. To the best of authors’ knowledge, this is the first report on the synthesis of CCTO nanostructure with different morphologies in the presence of oxalic acid as a chelate agent. The as-synthesized products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy, transmission electron microscope, and spectra energy dispersive analysis of X-ray techniques.


Surfactant Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate CTAB Oxalic Acid Chelate Agent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors are grateful to council of University of Arak for providing financial support to undertake this work.

Conflict of interest

The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Mostafa Hosseinpour-Mashkani
    • 1
  • Majid Ramezani
    • 2
  • Ali Sobhani-Nasab
    • 1
  • Mahdiyeh Esmaeili-Zare
    • 3
  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elites Club, Arak BranchIslamic Azad UniversityArakIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Arak BranchIslamic Azad UniversityArakIran
  3. 3.Institute of Nano Science and Nano TechnologyUniversity of KashanKashanIslamic Republic of Iran

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