Novel-approach for fabrication of CdS thin films for photoelectrochemical solar cell application

  • Kishorkumar V. Khot
  • Sawanta S. Mali
  • Rohini R. Kharade
  • Rahul M. Mane
  • Pramod S. Patil
  • Chang Kook Hong
  • Jin Hyeok Kim
  • Jaeyeong Heo
  • Popatrao N. Bhosale


In present report, we have successfully synthesized nanocrystalline nanosheet-like CdS thin films on ultrasonically cleaned bare and FTO-coated glass substrates by using self-organized arrested precipitation technique. The effect of annealing on opto-structural, morphological and electrical properties were studied by using UV–Vis–NIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analyzer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrical conductivity and thermoelectric power measurement. The UV–Vis–NIR studies revealed that band gap energy is varied from 2.23–2.05 and 2.00 eV with increase in deposition time and post annealing temperature (373 K), respectively. Also, optical absorption data indicates transition mechanism type is direct and allowed. The XRD study revealed that films are nanocrystalline in nature and pure cubic crystal structure with crystallite size ranging from 61 to 86 nm. FESEM micrographs confirm material is well adherent, pin-hole free over entire substrate surface. XPS shows presence of Cd2+ and S2− ions and EDS confirms Stoichiometric film formation. Finally as deposited and annealed (372 K for 1 h) thin films were tested for their photoelectrochemical properties. PEC results revealed that the annealed CdS thin film shows 0.846 mA cm−2 short current density (J sc ) with 0.10 % highest conversion efficiency (η).


Post Annealing Treatment Cadmium Sulfate Annealed Thin Film Entire Substrate Surface Copper Indium Gallium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



One of author Kishorkumar V. Khot is very much thankful to Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi for providing DST-INSPIRE fellowship for financial support (Registration No. IF130751). This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2009-0094055).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kishorkumar V. Khot
    • 1
  • Sawanta S. Mali
    • 2
  • Rohini R. Kharade
    • 1
  • Rahul M. Mane
    • 1
  • Pramod S. Patil
    • 3
  • Chang Kook Hong
    • 2
  • Jin Hyeok Kim
    • 4
  • Jaeyeong Heo
    • 5
  • Popatrao N. Bhosale
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  2. 2.Polymer Energy Materials Laboratory, Advanced Chemical Engineering DepartmentChonnam National UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of PhysicsShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  4. 4.Photonic and Electronic Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringChonnam National UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea
  5. 5.Nanodevices and Materials for Energy Lab, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringChonnam National UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea

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