Effects of deposition temperature on phase purity, orientation, microstructure and property of cobalt substituted bismuth ferrite thin films

  • Hao Zhang
  • Wei-Jie Long
  • Ya-Qing Chen
  • Dong-Jie Guo


Multiferroic BiFe0.95Co0.05O3 thin films were fabricated on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates at various temperatures by pulsed laser deposition. It was found the deposition temperature had great effects on phase purity, orientation, microstructure and multiferroic properties of these films. The optimized deposition temperature was close to 600 °C. Polarization–electric field (P–E) and magnetization–magnetic field (M–H) hysteresis loops at room temperature were observed simultaneously in the films fabricated at 600 °C. The remnant polarization, coercive electric field (P r , E c ) and the remnant magnetization, coercive magnetic field (M r , H c ) of the films deposited at 600 °C were (0.95 μC/cm2, 31 kV/cm) and (0.59 emu/cm3, 130 Oe), respectively. These results might have implications for further investigations on high quality BiFe0.95Co0.05O3 multiferroic films.


Pulse Laser Deposition BiFeO3 Deposition Temperature Remnant Polarization Remnant Magnetization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation no. 50805076, National Natural Science Key Corporation Foundations no. 60910007, 61161120323, and NS2012014.


  1. 1.
    M. Fiebig, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38, R123 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Wang, J.B. Neaton, H. Zheng, V. Nagarajan, S.B. Ogale, B. Liu, D. Viehland, V. Vaithyanathan, D.G. Schlom, U.V. Waghmare, N.A. Spaldin, K.M. Rabe, M. Wuttig, R. Ramesh, Science 299, 1719 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, M.H. Lu, C.L. Du, Y.F. Chen, Z.G. Liu, Y.Y. Zhu, N.B. Ming, X.Q. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 162901 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y.B. Li, J. Yu, J.Y. Li, C.D. Zheng, Y.Y. Wu, Y. Zhao, M. Wang, Y.B. Wang, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 22, 323 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.L. Yuan, S.W. Or, J.M. Liu, Z.G. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 052905 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Zhang, L.H. Pang, M.H. Lu, Z.B. Gu, S.T. Zhang, C.S. Yuan, Y.F. Chen, Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 6762 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Fruth, R. Ramer, M. Popa, J.M. Calderon-Moreno, E.M. Anghel, M. Gartner, M.A. Nastasescu, M. Zaharescu, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 18, S187 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Yasui, K. Nishida, H. Naganuma, S. Okamura, T. Lijima, H. Funakubo, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6948 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Nakamura, M. Kawai, M. Azuma, M. Kubota, M. Shimada, T. Aiba, Y. Shimakawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 031505 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Q. Xu, H. Zai, D. Wu, T. Qiu, M.X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 112501 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Q. Xu, Z. Wen, J. Gao, D. Wu, S. Tang, M. Xu, Phys. B 406, 2025 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. Eerenstein, F.D. Morrison, J. Dho, M.G. Blamire, J.F. Scott, N.D. Mathur, Science 307, 1203 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V.R. Palkar, J. John, R. Pinto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1628 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, D. Hunter, J.B. Dadson, G.B. Loutts, P. Bhattacharya, R. Katiyar, J. Zhang, D.J. Sellmyer, U.N. Roy, Y. Cui, A. Burger, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093903 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    See, for example, J.F. Scott, Ferroelectric Memories (Springer, Heidelberg, 2000)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K.W. Yun, M. Noda, M. Okuyama, H. Saeki, H. Tabata, K. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2299 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Bio-inspired Structure and Surface EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Institute of NanoScienceNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations