Study on properties of Sn–9Zn–Ga solder bearing Nd

  • Peng Xue
  • Song-bai Xue
  • Yi-fu Shen
  • Hong Zhu
  • Li–li Gao


The effects of Nd on wettability, microstructure and mechanical properties of Sn–9Zn–Ga–xNd lead-free solder were investigated. The results indicate that adding moderate amount of rare earth Nd, the wettability as well as mechanical properties of Sn–9Zn–0.5Ga solder were evidently improved, and when the content of Nd is at 0.08 wt%, the best wettability and comprehensive properties of soldered joint were obtained. It was also found that the addition of rare earth Nd could refine the microstructure of the solder, but some dark NdSn3 phase appeared when the addition of Nd exceeded 0.15 wt%. Moreover, the IMCs thickness at the solder/Cu interface was reduced with the addition of Nd which gave a favorable influence on the mechanical property of the soldered joints.


Solder Joint Solder Alloy Pull Force Quad Flat Package Wetting Force 
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This work is supported by the Opening Project of State Key Laboratory of Advanced Brazing Filler Metals & Technology (Zhengzhou Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering, China). This work is also supported by Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Innovative Research Base of Graduate Students (laboratory) Open Fund. (Project No. 201001016).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng Xue
    • 1
  • Song-bai Xue
    • 1
  • Yi-fu Shen
    • 1
  • Hong Zhu
    • 2
  • Li–li Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and TechnologyNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.The 14th Research InstituteChina Electronics Technology Group CorporationNanjingChina

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