Synthesis and study of magnetic properties of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles by PVA assisted auto-combustion method

  • P. Sivakumar
  • R. Ramesh
  • A. Ramanand
  • S. Ponnusamy
  • C. Muthamizhchelvan


NiFe2O4 nanoparticles are prepared by a simple and cost-effective method using via polyvinyl alcohol assisted sol–gel auto-combustion method. The X-ray diffraction result indicated that the synthesized nanoparticles have only the inverse spinel structure without the presence of any other phase impurities. HR-SEM and TEM images showed that the particles are spherical shape with particle size in the range ~11 nm. The magnetic property of these nanoparticles is studied for the enlightening ferrimagnetic behaviour at room temperature. The value of the magnetic saturation (Ms) is 44.3 emug−1, remanent magnetization (Mr) is 19.8 emug−1 and coercive force (Hc) is 672.02 Oe.


NiFe2O4 Spontaneous Combustion Nickel Ferrite Vibrate Sample Magnetometry Inverse Spinel Structure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Sivakumar
    • 1
  • R. Ramesh
    • 2
  • A. Ramanand
    • 3
  • S. Ponnusamy
    • 2
  • C. Muthamizhchelvan
    • 2
  1. 1.T. S. Srinivasan Centre for Polytechnic College and Advanced Training (CPAT-TVS)ChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Center for Materials Science and Nano DevicesSRM UniversityKancheepuramIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsLoyola CollegeChennaiIndia

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