Optical and electrical properties of Mg x Zn1−x O thin films by sol–gel method
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Mg x Zn1−x O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.35) thin films have been deposited by sol–gel technique and the composition related structural, electrical, and optical properties are investigated. All the films have hexagonal wurtzite structure and the separation of MgO phase occurs when x = 0.3 and 0.35. With the increase of Mg content, the densification of the films decrease and band gap values increase. The maximum band gap value reaches 3.56 eV when x = 0.15. After Mg doping the conductivities of the Mg x Zn1−x O films are reduced greatly and the electrical current–voltage (I–V) characteristics show nonlinearity for x > 0.15.
KeywordsMonoethanolamine Zinc Acetate Dihydrate Alloy Thin Film Pulse Laser Deposition Method Quartz Glass Substrate
This work was supported by the “Hundred Talents Program,” the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Zhejiang Natural Science Foundation (Y407364), and the Ningbo Natural Science Foundation (No. 2007A610027, No. 2008A610047, No. 2009A610018). The authors would give thanks to the all measurers of XRD, SEM and UV–vis absorption spectroscopy of Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences.