Structural investigation of bismuth borate glass ceramics containing gadolinium ions by X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy

  • Petru Pascuta
  • Gheorghe Borodi
  • Eugen Culea


X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy measurements have been employed to investigate the xGd2O3 · (100 − x)[2Bi2O3 · B2O3] glass ceramics system, with 0  ≤ x ≤ 20 mol%. Heat treatment of glass samples at 625 °C for 24 h led to the formation of two crystalline phases. One crystalline phase is for the sample without gadolinium ions which belongs to the cubic system and another one is for the sample containing 20 mol% Gd2O3 which is orthorhombic with two unit cell parameters very close to each other. Between x = 0 mol% and x = 20 mol% there is a mixture of these crystalline phases. FTIR spectroscopy data suggest that the gadolinium ions play the network modifier role in the studied glasses. These data show that the glass structure consists of the BiO3, BiO6, BO3, and BO4 structural units, and the conversion among these units mainly depends on the Gd2O3 content.


B2O3 Boron Atom Gd2O3 Glass Ceramic Glass Ceramic Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    E. Tkalcec, S. Kurajica, H. Ivankovic, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 149 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Bras, G.N. Greaves, M. Oversluizen, S.M. Clark, G. Eeckhaut, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2178 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.D. Rawlings, J.P. Wu, A.R. Boccaccini, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 733 (2006). doi: 10.1007/s10853-006-6554-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A.A. Francis, Mater. Res. Bull. 41, 1146 (2006). doi: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2005.11.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Cheng, H. Xiao, W. Guo, W. Guo, Thermochim. Acta 444, 172 (2006). doi: 10.1016/j.tca.2006.03.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, Opt. Mater. 29, 556 (2007). doi: 10.1016/j.optmat.2005.08.049 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Cheng, H. Xiao, W. Guo, W. Guo, Ceram. Int. 33, 1341 (2007). doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2006.04.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, Vib. Spectrosc. (2008) doi: 10.1016/j.vibspec.2008.01.011
  9. 9.
    D.U. Tulyaganov, M.J. Ribeiro, J.A. Labrincha, Ceram. Int. 28, 515 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0272-8842(02)00004-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Goswami, P. Sengupta, K. Sharma, R. Kumar, V.K. Shrikhande, J.M.F. Ferreira, G.P. Kothiyal, Ceram. Int. 33, 863 (2007). doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2006.01.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.B. Saisudha, J. Ramakrishna, Opt. Mater. 18, 403 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0925-3467(01)00181-1 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, R. Sato, T. Komatsu, Opt. Mater. 20, 27 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0925-3467(02)00027-7 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 19, 424 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s10854-007-9359-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Boultif, D. Louer, J. Appl. Cryst. 24, 987 (1991). doi: 10.1107/S0021889891006441 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Mihailescu, G. Borodi, I. Bratu, J.M. Gavira, Roum. Rep. Phys. 51, 983 (1999)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Dimitrov, Y. Dimitriev, A. Montenero, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 51 (1994). doi: 10.1016/0022-3093(94)90396-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Hu, N.H. Liu, U.L. Lin, J. Mater. Sci. 33, 229 (1998). doi: 10.1023/A:1004382721435 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. Ardelean, S. Cora, R. Ciceo-Lucacel, O. Hulpus, Solid State Sci. 7, 1438 (2005). doi: 10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2005.08.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E.I. Kamitsos, M.A. Karakassides, G.D. Chyssikos, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 1073 (1987). doi: 10.1021/j100289a014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Abo-Naf, F.H. ElBatal, M.A. Azooz, Mater. Chem. Phys. 77, 846 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0254-0584(02)00215-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Kumar, S.B. Rai, D.K. Rai, Mater. Res. Bull. 38, 333 (2003). doi: 10.1016/S0025-5408(02)01003-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics DepartmentTechnical UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.National Institute for R&D of Isotopic and Molecular TechnologyCluj-NapocaRomania

Personalised recommendations