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A study on the DC electrical properties of PAN-based carbon fiber/polycarbonate composites

  • S. Saq’an
  • A. M. Zihlif
  • R. S. Al-Ani
  • G. Ragosta
Article

Abstract

The DC conductivity and Hall effect studies were used to investigate the nature, type, and development of the charge carriers in conductive polymer composite containing PAN-based carbon fibers of different concentration. The dependence of the electrical conductivity on temperature is characterized by a two-stage electrical conduction process with a semiconducting type of behavior and two activation energies. It was found the measured Hall voltage varies linearly with Hall current with two different signs of slopes. This suggests that a composite of low fiber content is functioning as p-type material, and then changes to n-type with increasing the carbon fiber content more than 15 wt.%. The density of the charge carriers increases with carbon fiber content in a behavior similar to the electrical conductivity for all given composites, showing a percolation phenomenon. The calculated charge carriers density includes both the magnetostatic arising from the polycarbonate matrix and from the free charge carriers themselves. Considering the filled carbon fibers as a random semiconducting material, the results obtained for various composites were described in terms of the band structure model. Other approach of results analysis was based on the composite bulk morphology observed by the SEM microscopy.

Keywords

Carbon Fiber Hall Current Hall Effect Measurement Fiber Concentration Charge Carrier Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Professor S.R. Al-Ani in Iraq for research cooperation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Saq’an
    • 1
  • A. M. Zihlif
    • 2
  • R. S. Al-Ani
    • 3
  • G. Ragosta
    • 4
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentJordan University of Science & TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentUniversity of JordanAmmanJordan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of BaghdadBaghdadIraq
  4. 4.ICTP of CNRNapoliItaly

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