Chemical and sol–gel processing of tellurite glasses for optoelectronics

  • S. N. B. Hodgson
  • L. Weng


Recent developments in the application of sol–gel processing technology for tellurite glass systems are reviewed and reported. The processing of telurite glasses via sol–gel entails some difficulties, mainly due to the anomalously high reactivity of Te(IV) alkoxides toward hydrolysis. Although conventional approaches to steric stabilisation of the alkoxides is not successful for these compounds, various successful approaches have been developed which allow the fabrication of transparent films from these precursors. In particular, diol complexation, chemical liberation of water from esterification processes and peptisation methods have been demonstrated. Other successful approaches involve the use of Te(VI) alkoxides and acids as precursors, with TeO2 based glasses being formed via TeO3 intermediates which liberate oxygen during heat treatment. One drawback with all these methods is the inherent thermal instability of the sol–gel derived material, which leads to both the liberation of free tellurium and devitrification of the glass on heat treatment. However this problem is less significant when Te(VI) precursors are used. The fabrication of multicomponent tellurite glasses by sol–gel approaches is very successful. Systems such as TeO2–TiO2 and TeO2–PbO–TiO2 have been successfully fabricated, and exhibit much greater resistance to devitrification allowing fully dense, transparent glasses to be produced.


Tellurium Alkoxide TeO2 Tellurite Glass Alkoxide Precursor 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Science and TechnologyUniversity of TeessideMiddlesbroughUK
  2. 2.Shenzen Graduate SchoolHarbin Institute of TechnologyShenzenChina

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