Facile preparation of magnetic sodium alginate/carboxymethyl cellulose composite hydrogel for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution

Abstract

A novel magnetic polysaccharide composite hydrogel was successfully constructed by using sodium alginate (SA) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as the backbone and filled with in situ Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which was then employed for removal of heavy metal ion from aqueous solution. The obtained magnetic SA/CMC composite hydrogel was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, fluorescence microscope, thermogravimetric and vibrating sample magnetometer. Effect of contact time, pH and adsorbent dosage on the adsorption of heavy metal ions by the magnetic SA/CMC hydrogel have also been studied. The results show that the prepared magnetic SA/CMC hydrogel can be effectively utilized in the removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. The maximal adsorption capacity of Mn(II), Pb(II), and Cu(II) as calculated from the Langmuir model were 71.83, 89.49, and 105.93 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption process of the magnetic SA/CMC hydrogel on the heavy metal ions can be attributed to ion exchange and chemical adsorption. What’s more, the magnetic hydrogel exhibited high efficiency after four cycles, which indicating it offers great potential for practical application in the removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Science and Technology Program of Zhongshan (Grant No. 2020B2068, 2020B2005) and Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (Grant No. 2018A030310477, 2019A1515011843)

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Hu Yong: Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing-original draft, Funding acquisition. Wu Sisi: Experiment investigation, Data curation. Guo Juan: Instrumental analysis, Funding acquisition. Wang Ying: Instrumental analysis. Huang Chao: Writing- review.

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Correspondence to Chao Huang or Yong Hu.

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Wu, S., Guo, J., Wang, Y. et al. Facile preparation of magnetic sodium alginate/carboxymethyl cellulose composite hydrogel for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. J Mater Sci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-021-06044-4

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