Insights of enhanced oxygen evolution reaction of nanostructured cobalt ferrite surface

Abstract

The present study includes the process to tune the morphology of CoFe2O4 nanostructures via hydrothermal route and their effect on oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The control of size and morphology has been done via the pH and varying hydrothermal reaction time. Transmission electron microscopy reveals the formation of ~ 20 nm CoFe2O4 nanocube after 24 h reaction time. As-prepared samples deposited over graphite substrate and used as a working electrode for catalysis. CoFe2O4 nanocubes offer better O2 evolution activity in terms of current density (48 mAcm−2), lower onset potential (η1 = 260 mV) and overpotential (η10 = 430 mV) compared to nanoparticles. The low Tafel slope value (44 mVdec−1) of CoFe2O4 nanocube confirms the faster kinetics compared to CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. The effect of electrochemical active surface area, roughness factor (Rf), wettability properties and surface-active species on the OER performance has been studied.

Graphical abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8

References

  1. 1

    Hosseini SE, Wahid MA (2016) Hydrogen production from renewable and sustainable energy resources: promising green energy carrier for clean development. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 57:850–866. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RSER.2015.12.112

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Montoya JH, Seitz LC, Chakthranont P, Vojvodic A, Jaramillo TF, Nørskov JK (2017) Materials for solar fuels and chemicals. Nat Mater 16:70–81. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4778

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Eftekhari A (2017) Tuning the electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction. Mater Today Energy 5:37–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtener.2017.05.002

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Saha J, Verma S, Ball R, Subramaniam C, Murugavel R (2019) Compositional control as the key for achieving highly efficient oer electrocatalysis with cobalt phosphates decorated nanocarbon florets. Small 1903334:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201903334

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Zhang B, Wang H, Zuo Z, Wang H, Zhang J (2018) Tunable CoFe-based active sites on 3D heteroatom doped graphene aerogel electrocatalysts via annealing gas regulation for efficient water splitting. J Mater Chem A 6:15728–15737. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ta05705b

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Zhang LC, Wang MQ, Chen H, Liu H, Wang Y, Zhang LZ, Hou GR, Bao SJ (2020) Hierarchical growth of vertically standing Fe3O4-FeSe/CoSe2 nano-array for high effective oxygen evolution reaction. Mater Res Bull 122:110680–110688. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2019.110680

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Jiang M, Huang Y, Sun W, Zhang X (2019) Co-doped SnS2 nanosheet array for effective oxygen evolution electrocatalyst. J Mater Sci 54:13715–13723. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03856-3

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Liu X, Cui S, Sun Z, Ren Y, Zhang X, Du P (2016) Self-supported copper oxide electrocatalyst for water oxidation at low overpotential and confirmation of its robustness by Cu K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy. J Phys Chem C 120:831–840. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b09818

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Feng Y, Wei J, Ding Y (2016) Efficient photochemical, thermal, and electrochemical water oxidation catalyzed by a porous iron-based oxide derived metal-organic framework. J Phys Chem C 120:517–526. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b11533

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Pegoretti VCB, Dixini PVM, Magnago L, Rocha AKS, Lelis MFF, Freitas MBJG (2019) High-temperature (HT) LiCoO2 recycled from spent lithium ion batteries as catalyst for oxygen evolution reaction. Mater Res Bull 110:97–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2018.10.022

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Sui C, Chen K, Zhao L, Zhou L, Wang QQ (2018) MoS2 -modified porous gas diffusion layer with air–solid–liquid interface for efficient electrocatalytic water splitting. Nanoscale 10:15324–15331. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NR04082F

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Suen NT, Hung SF, Quan Q, Zhang N, Xu YJ, Chen HM (2017) Electrocatalysis for the oxygen evolution reaction: recent development and future perspectives. Chem Soc Rev 46:337–365. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6CS00328A

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Esswein AJ, Mcmurdo MJ, Ross PN, Bell AT, Tilley TD (2009) Size-dependent activity of Co3O4 nanoparticle anodes for alkaline water electrolysis. J Phys Chem C 113:15068–15072. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp904022e

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Antolini E (2014) Iridium As catalyst and cocatalyst for oxygen evolution/reduction in acidic polymer electrolyte membrane electrolyzers and fuel cells. ACS Catal 4:1426–1440. https://doi.org/10.1021/cs4011875

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Yue H, Zhang H, Hu Y, Lu Y, Chen Y, Yang D (2020) Three-dimensional porous cobalt ferrite and carbon nanorod hybrid network as highly efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction. J Mater Sci 55:11489–11500. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-020-04718-z

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    Tahir M, Pan L, Idrees F, Zhang X, Wang L, Zou JJ, Wang ZL (2017) Electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction for energy conversion and storage: a comprehensive review. Nano Energy 37:136–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.05.022

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Koza JA, He Z, Miller AS, Switzer JA (2012) Electrodeposition of crystalline Co3O4 -a catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction. Chem Mater 24:3567–3573. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm3012205

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Yang H, Liu Y, Luo S, Zhao Z, Wang X, Luo Y, Wang Z, Jin J, Ma J (2017) Lateral-size-mediated efficient oxygen evolution reaction: insights into the atomically thin quantum dot structure of NiFe2O4. ACS Catal 7:5557–5567. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b00007

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    Zhu X, Wang P, Wang Z, Liu Y, Zheng Z, Zhang Q, Zhang X, Dai Y, Whangbo MH, Huang B (2018) Co3O4 nanobelt arrays assembled with ultrathin nanosheets as highly efficient and stable electrocatalysts for the chlorine evolution reaction. J Mater Chem A 6:12718–12723. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA03689F

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    Cai M, Pan R, Liu W, Luo X, Chen C, Zhang H, Zhong M (2018) Laser-assisted doping and architecture engineering of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for highly enhanced oxygen evolution reaction. J Mater Chem A 6:12718–12723. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA03689F

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21

    Jin H, Mao S, Zhan G, Xu F, Bao X, Wang Y (2017) Fe incorporated α-Co(OH)2 nanosheets with remarkably improved activity towards the oxygen evolution reaction. J Mater Chem A 5:1078–1084. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6TA09959A

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22

    Jung JW, Jang JS, Yun TG, Yoon KR, Kim ID (2018) Three-dimensional nanofibrous air electrode assembled with carbon nanotubes-bridged hollow Fe2O3 nanoparticles for high-performance lithium-oxygen batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10:6531–6540. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b15421

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23

    Smith RDL, Pre MS, Fagan RD, Trudel S (2018) Water oxidation catalysis: electrocatalytic response to metal stoichiometry in amorphous metal oxide films containing iron, cobalt, and nickel. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10:6531–6540. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b15421

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24

    Gong L, Chng XYE, Du Y, Xi S, Yeo BS (2018) Enhanced catalysis of the electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction by Iron(III) ions adsorbed on amorphous cobalt oxide. ACS Catal 8:807–814. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b03509

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25

    Ayyappan S, Mahadevan S, Chandramohan P, Srinivasan MP, Philip J, Raj B (2010) Influence of Co2+ ion concentration on the size, magnetic properties, and purity of CoFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles. J Phys Chem C 114:6334–6341. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp911966p

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26

    Frey NA, Peng S, Cheng K, Sun S (2009) Magnetic nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization, and applications in bioimaging and magnetic energy storage. Chem Soc Rev 38:2532–2543. https://doi.org/10.1039/b815548h

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27

    Moumen N, Pileni MP (1996) Control of the size of cobalt ferrite magnetic fluid. J Phys Chem 100:1867–1873. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9524136

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28

    Joshi HM, Lin YP, Aslam M, Prasad PV, Schultz-Sikma EA, Edelman R, Meade T, Dravid VP (2009) Effects of shape and size of cobalt ferrite nanostructures on their MRI contrast and thermal activation. J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113:17761–17767. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp905776g

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29

    Oh Y, Moorthy MS, Manivasagan P, Bharathiraja S, Oh J (2017) Magnetic hyperthermia and pH-responsive effective drug delivery to the sub-cellular level of human breast cancer cells by modified CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. Biochimie 133:7–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2016.11.012

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30

    Kumar Y, Sharma A, Shirage PM (2017) Shape-controlled CoFe2O4 nanoparticles as an excellent material for humidity sensing. RSC Adv 7:55778–55785. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA11072C

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31

    Yue Q, Liu C, Wan Y, Wu X, Zhang X, Du P (2018) Defect engineering of mesoporous nickel ferrite and its application for highly enhanced water oxidation catalysis. J Catal 358:1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2017.10.027

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32

    Peng J, Hojamberdiev M, Xu Y, Cao B, Wang J, Wu H (2011) Hydrothermal synthesis and magnetic properties of gadolinium-doped CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. J Magn Magn Mater 323:133–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2010.08.048

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33

    Wang Z, Liu X, Lv M, Chai P, Liu Y, Zhou X, Meng J (2011) Preparation of one-dimensional CoFe2O4 nanostructures and their magnetic properties. J Magn Magn Mater 323:133–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2010.08.048

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34

    Lv H, Liang X, Cheng Y, Zhang H (2015) Excellent electromagnetic absorption performance coin-like α-Fe2O3@CoFe2O4 core-shell composites with excellent electromagnetic absorption performance. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:4744–4750. https://doi.org/10.1021/am508438s

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35

    Lu RE, Chang KG, Fu B, Shen YJ, Xu MW, Yang S, Song XP, Liu M (2014) Magnetic properties of different CoFe2O4 nanostructures: nanofibres versus nanoparticles. J Mater Chem C 2:8578–8584. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4TC01415D

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36

    López-ortega A, Lottini E, Fernández CDJ, Sangregorio C (2015) Exploring the magnetic properties of cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles for the development of rare-earth-free permanent magnet exploring the magnetic properties of cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles for the development of rare-earth-free permanent magnet. Chem Mater 27:4048–4056. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b01034

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. 37

    Zeng X, Zhang J, Zhu S, Deng X, Ma H, Zhang J, Zhang Q, Li P, Xue D, Mellors NJ, Zhang X, Peng Y (2017) Direct observation of cation distributions of ideal. Nanoscale 9:7493–7500. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7nr02013a

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38

    Song Q, Zhang ZJ (2004) Shape control and associated magnetic properties of spinel cobalt ferrite nanocrystals. J Am Chem Soc 126:6164–6168. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja049931r

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  39. 39

    Lu LT, Dung NT, Tung LD, Thanh CT, Quy OK, Chuc NV, Maenosono S, Thanh NTK (2015) Synthesis of magnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with controlled morphology, monodispersity and composition: the influence of solvent, surfactant, reductant and synthetic conditions. Nanoscale 7:19596–19610. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5NR04266F

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 40

    Eom Y, Abbas M, Noh H, Kim C (2016) Morphology-controlled synthesis of highly crystalline Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles using a facile thermal decomposition method. RSC Adv 6:15861–15867. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA27649G

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  41. 41

    Kumar Y, Sharma A, Ahmed MA, Mali SS, Hong CK, Shirage PM (2018) Morphology-controlled synthesis and enhanced energy product (BH) max of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. New J Chem 42:15793–15802. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NJ02177E

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  42. 42

    Jana NR, Chen Y, Peng X (2004) Size- and shape-controlled magnetic ( Cr, Mn, Fe Co, Ni ) oxide nanocrystals via a simple and general approach. Chem Mater 16:3931–3935. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm049221k

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  43. 43

    Narayanan R, El-Sayed MA (2004) Shape-dependent catalytic activity of platinum nanoparticles in colloidal solution. Nano Letters 4:1343–1348. https://doi.org/10.1021/NL0495256

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 44

    Srivastava M, Ojha AK, Chaubey S, Sharma PK, Pandey AC (2010) Influence of pH on structural morphology and magnetic properties of ordered phase cobalt doped lithium ferrites nanoparticles synthesized by sol-gel method. Mater. Sci Eng B Solid-State Mater Adv Technol 175:14–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2010.06

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  45. 45

    Faiyas APA, Vinod EM, Joseph J, Ganesan R, Pandey RK (2010) Dependence of pH and surfactant effect in the synthesis of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and its properties. J Magn Magn Mater 322:400–404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2009.09.064

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  46. 46

    Rajesh KM, Ajitha B, Ashok Kumar Reddy Y, Suneetha Y, Sreedhara Reddy P (2016) Synthesis of copper nanoparticles and role of pH on particle size control. Mater Today Proc 3:1985–1991. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2016.04.100

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. 47

    Sibiya PN, Moloto MJ (2014) Effect of precursor concentration and pH on the shape and size of starch capped silver selenide (Ag2Se) nanoparticles. Chalcogenide lett 11:577–588

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  48. 48

    Okitsu K, Sharyo K, Nishimura R (2009) One-pot synthesis of gold nanorods by ultrasonic irradiation: the effect of pH on the shape of the gold nanorods and nanoparticles. Langmuir 25:7786–7790. https://doi.org/10.1021/la9017739

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  49. 49

    Anigol LB, Charantimath JS, Gurubasavaraj PM (2017) Effect of concentration and pH on the size of silver nanoparticles synthesized by green chemistry. Org Med Chem IJ 3:001–005

    Google Scholar 

  50. 50

    Wang WP, Yang H, Xian T, Jiang JL (2018) XPS and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles synthesized by a polyacrylamide gel route. Acc Chem Res 51:1590–1598. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00070

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  51. 51

    Gaikwad VM, Yadav KK, Sunaina CS, Lofland SE, Ramanujachary KV, Nishanthi ST, Ganguli AK, Jha M (2019) Design of process for stabilization of La2NiMnO6 nanorods and their magnetic properties. J Magn Magn Mater 492:165652. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JMMM.2019.165652

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  52. 52

    Devi MM, Sunaina SH, Kaur K, Gupta A, Das A, Nishanthi ST, Bera C, Ganguli AK, Jha M (2019) New approach for the transformation of metallic waste into nanostructured Fe3O4 and SnO2-Fe3O4 heterostructure and their application in treatment of organic pollutant. Waste Manag 87:719–730. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2019.03.007

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. 53

    Mahala C, Sharma MD, Basu M (2018) 2D nanostructures of CoFe2O4 and NiFe2O4: efficient oxygen evolution catalyst. Electrochim Acta 273:462–473. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ELECTACTA.2018.04.079

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  54. 54

    Sheng W, Myint M, Chen JG, Yan Y (2013) Correlating the hydrogen evolution reaction activity in alkaline electrolytes with the hydrogen binding energy on monometallic surfaces. Energy Environ Sci 6:1509. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ee00045a

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  55. 55

    Chauhan M, Reddy KP, Gopinath CS, Deka S (2017) Copper cobalt sulfide nanosheets realizing a promising electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction. ACS Catal 7:5871–5879. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b01831

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  56. 56

    Gupta S, Yadav A, Bhartiya S, Singh MK, Miotello A, Sarkar A, Patel N (2018) Co oxide nanostructures for electrocatalytic water-oxidation: effects of dimensionality and related properties. Nanoscale 10:8806–8819. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8nr00348c

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  57. 57

    Eftekhari A (2017) From pseudocapacitive redox to intermediary adsorption in oxygen evolution reaction. Mater Today Chem 4:117–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtchem.2017.03.003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  58. 58

    Conway BE, Gileadi E (1962) Kinetic theory of pseudo-capacitance and electrode reactions at appreciable surface coverage. Trans Faraday Soc 58:2493–2510. https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9625802493

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  59. 59

    Xu W, Lu Z, Sun X, Jiang L, Duan X (2018) Superwetting electrodes for gas-involving electrocatalysis. Acc Chem Res 51:1590–1598. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00070

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  60. 60

    Zhang P, Wang S, Wang S, Jiang L (2015) Superwetting surfaces under different media: effects of surface topography on wettability. Small 11:1939–1946. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201401869

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

All the authors thank DST and INST, Mohali, for providing research facilities. SR and KKY thank CSIR, India, for providing fellowship to carry out this research work. SKG thanks to NTPC, Netra, for providing fellowship.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Menaka Jha.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Handling Editor: N. Ravishankar.

Supplementary Information

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 (DOCX 11367 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Rana, S., Yadav, K.K., Guchhait, S.K. et al. Insights of enhanced oxygen evolution reaction of nanostructured cobalt ferrite surface. J Mater Sci 56, 8383–8395 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-020-05629-9

Download citation