Resorcinol–formaldehyde resins for the removal of Cs from liquid media have been synthesized by polymerization of the emulsion dispersion phase. Chemical stability and kinetic parameters of the ion-exchange process in the porous ion exchangers have been estimated using the diffusion coefficient and the exchange half-time. The results of Cs (Cs-133 и Cs-137) removal under static and dynamic conditions are provided. The efficiency of Cs removal from the simulated solution of the evaporator concentrate (EC) containing Cu2+, Co2+, Cr3+, and Ni2+ cations has been estimated. Good prospects of application of porous ion exchangers in the function of materials for Cs removal from highly mineralized alkali media have been demonstrated.
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The devices of the Center of Collective Use of Scientific Equipment ‘Far Eastern Center of Structural Investigations’ was used in the present work. The work was financially supported by the Russian Fund for Fundamental Research (RFBR) (Project No. 18-33-00458 \ 18). This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, State Order No. 0265-2019-0002 of the Institute of Chemistry FEBRAS (conducting studies of sorption Cs-137, the use of radiometric equipment for the determination of the radionuclide content).
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Tokar, E.A., Palamarchuk, M.S., Tutov, M.V. et al. Synthesis and sorption properties of porous resorcinol–formaldehyde resins prepared by polymerization of the emulsion dispersion phase. J Mater Sci 54, 14330–14342 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03908-8