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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 12, pp 8747–8765 | Cite as

Progress in Ni-based anode materials for direct hydrocarbon solid oxide fuel cells

  • Kangwei Wei
  • Xinxin Wang
  • Riyan Achmad Budiman
  • Jianhong Kang
  • Bin Lin
  • Fubao Zhou
  • Yihan Ling
Review

Abstract

Ni-based anode materials of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are susceptible to carbon deposition and deactivation in direct hydrocarbon fuels, greatly limiting the commercialization. Extensive studies on finding new alternative anode materials have been developed; however, new problems such as low electrochemical performance and complex cell preparation process destroyed the further research passion of Ni-free anode materials. Considering the superior catalytic activity and mature technology of Ni-based anode materials, a large number of recent research results proved that it is still important and promising to solve the carbon coking of Ni-based anode materials. In this review, progress in four typically promising Ni-based anode materials free from carbon coking has been summarized, including the noble metals, ceria, Ba-containing oxides and titanium oxide. Correspondingly, the mechanisms that improve the carbon tolerance of Ni-based modified SOFCs anodes are clearly concluded, providing the materials and theoretical basis for the use of direct hydrocarbon SOFCs as early as possible.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2017CXNL02) and A Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Gas and Fire Control for Coal Mines (China University of Mining and Technology)Ministry of EducationXuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and TechnologyTsukubaJapan
  4. 4.School of Energy Science and EngineeringUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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