Synthesis and characterization of Ti-doped ZrSiO4 at ambient and high-pressure conditions
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We have successfully synthesized for the first time a Ti-doped ZrSiO4 powder (stoichiometry Zr0.95Ti0.05SiO4) via a sol–gel route. The structural and vibrational properties have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Zr0.95Ti0.05SiO4 has a tetragonal zircon-type structure with a = 6.5981(2) Å and c = 5.9810(2) Å. Eight of its Raman-active modes have been measured and assigned. We also performed high-pressure synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments. The structural behavior was studied up to 31 GPa. At this pressure, we found evidence of the onset of a phase transition, coexisting the low-pressure polymorphs (zircon) with the typical high-pressure polymorph of ZrSiO4 (reidite-type). From the analysis of unit-cell volume versus pressure using a Birch–Murnaghan equation of state, in the quasi-hydrostatic pressure regime (P < 10.5 GPa), we have determined a bulk modulus of 297 GPa. This magnitude represents an enhancement of a 30% in the value of this parameter if compared with un-doped zircon-type ZrSiO4 (bulk modulus < 227 GPa). The low compressibility of Zr0.95Ti0.05SiO4 converts this compound in a very good candidate for many technological applications. The effect of pressure on the linear compressibility of the lattice parameters is also analyzed.
SEM and Raman measurements were performed at Y-TEC S. A. S. Ferrari, F. Grinblat and L. G. Pampillo thank the financial support provided by the Agencia Nacional de PromociónCientífica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT) under Grant PICT-2012- 1730. D. E. thanks the support of Spanish MINECO and European FEDER under Grant No. MAT2016-75586-C4-1-P. The authors thank the partial support from LNLS with Project XDS-18856.
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