Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 8, pp 5987–5996 | Cite as

An optical method for characterizing domain wall motions and ferroelectric hysteresis in tetragonal Mn:Fe:KTN co-doped crystals

  • Qieni Lu
  • Bihua Li
  • Zhen Li
  • Haitao Dai
  • Yushan Liao


An optical method is proposed to extract the displacement vector of domain wall (DW) sidewise motion from ferroelectric domain configuration pattern on a tetragonal Mn:Fe:KTN crystal. The ferroelectric domain configuration evolution under an external electric field is observed in situ using optical microscope imaging system, and the relative displacement of DW sideways motion between two adjacent electric fields is extracted. By the combination of the new domain length vector extracted, the ferroelectric domain displacement vector as a function of field strength can be obtained; what is more, the hysteresis loop can be achieved during field cycling. The method provides an access to directly manipulating DW motion and exploring the properties of ferroelectric materials from ferroelectric domain configuration pattern.



This work is supported by Open Project of State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonic Technology (No. SKLST201505) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (61077072).

Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of the conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Precision Instrument and Optoelectronics EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Opto-electronics Information TechnologyMinistry of EducationTianjinChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonics, Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision MechanicsUniversity of the Chinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  4. 4.School of ScienceTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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