Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 8, pp 6042–6052 | Cite as

Hollow microsphere-infused porous poly(vinylidene fluoride)/multiwall carbon nanotube composites with excellent electromagnetic shielding and low thermal transport

  • Hui Wang
  • Kang Zheng
  • Xian Zhang
  • Yanyan Wang
  • Chao Xiao
  • Lin Chen
  • Xingyou Tian
Composites

Abstract

Hollow glass microspheres (HGMs) offer advantages such as high chemical stability, light weight, and low cost and were firstly introduced to prepare functional polymer composites of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and poly(vinylidene fluoride). When preparing porous composites via hot compaction and selective etching, embedding of HGMs into the polymer matrix promotes the continuity of the conducting pathways in the material system and thus enhances electrical conductivity. Furthermore, HGMs play an important role in multiple scattering and reflecting the incident waves and the synergistic effect between HGMs and the MWCNTs conductive network greatly enhances the electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding properties of the composites. In this paper, we show that with 10 wt% MWCNT loading, polymer composite samples containing only 2 wt% HGMs exhibit an average EMI shielding effectiveness (SE) of 43.03 dB over the frequency of 8.2–12.4 GHz. This SE value is higher than in samples with no HGMs (25.27 dB). Analysis of the measured scattering parameters reveals that microwave absorption is the primary reason for enhanced EMI SE. The introduction of HGMs also decreases the thermal conductivity of the composites by reducing the active surface area that promotes efficient heat transfer. With the addition of 2 wt% HGMs, the thermal conductivity of the composites reduces by 46.9%, from 0.305 to 0.162 W(mK)−1. This work provides a promising technique to prepare good-quality EMI shielding materials with lower thermal conductivity to meet the requirements of different applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Science and Technology Major Project of Anhui Province (16030901041).

Supplementary material

10853_2017_1964_MOESM1_ESM.doc (998 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 998 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Li Y, Pei XL, Shen B, Zhai WT, Zhang LH, Zheng WG (2015) Polyimide/graphene composite foam sheets with ultrahigh thermostability for electromagnetic interference shielding. Rsc Adv 5:24342–24351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang HB, Zheng WG, Yan Q, Jiang ZG, Yu ZZ (2012) The effect of surface chemistry of graphene on rheological and electrical properties of polymethylmethacrylate composites. Carbon 50:5117–5125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dou R, Shao Y, Li SL, Yin B, Yang MB (2016) Structuring tri-continuous structure multiphase composites with ultralow conductive percolation threshold and excellent electromagnetic shielding effectiveness using simple melt mixing. Polymer 83:34–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pawar SP, Biswas S, Kar GP, Bose S (2016) High frequency millimetre wave absorbers derived from polymeric nanocomposites. Polymer 84:398–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Du JH, Zhao L, Zeng Y, Zhang LL, Li F, Liu PF, Liu C (2011) Comparison of electrical properties between multi-walled carbon nanotube and graphene nanosheet/high density polyethylene composites with a segregated network structure. Carbon 49:1094–1100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ghislandi M, Tkalya E, Marinho B, Koning CE, de With G (2013) Electrical conductivities of carbon powder nanofillers and their latex-based polymer composites. Compos Part A Appl Sci Manuf 53:145–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li MK, Gao CX, Hu HL, Zhao ZD (2013) Electrical conductivity of thermally reduced graphene oxide/polymer composites with a segregated structure. Carbon 65:371–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yan DX, Pang H, Li B, Vajtai R, Xu L, Ren PG, Wang JH, Li ZM (2015) Structured reduced graphene oxide/polymer composites for ultra-efficient electromagnetic interference shielding. Adv Funct Mater 25:559–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang H, Zheng K, Zhang X, Du TX, Xiao C, Ding X, Bao C, Chen L, Tian XY (2016) Segregated poly(vinylidene fluoride)/MWCNTs composites for high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding. Compos Part A Appl Sci Manuf 90:606–613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meng XM, Zhang XJ, Lu C, Pan YF, Wang GS (2014) Enhanced absorbing properties of three-phase composites based on a thermoplastic-ceramic matrix (BaTiO3 + PVDF) and carbon black nanoparticles. J Mater Chem A 2:18725–18730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shen B, Zhai WT, Tao MM, Ling JQ, Zheng WG (2013) Lightweight, multifunctional polyetherimide/graphene@Fe3O4 composite foams for shielding of electromagnetic pollution. ACS Appl Mater Inter 5:11383–11391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu JH, Chung DDL (2008) Combined use of magnetic and electrically conductive fillers in a polymer matrix for electromagnetic interference shielding. J Electron Mater 37:1088–1094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li QL, Chen L, Ding JJ, Zhang JJ, Li XH, Zheng K, Zhang X, Tian XY (2016) Open-cell phenolic carbon foam and electromagnetic interference shielding properties. Carbon 104:90–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pawar SP, Stephen S, Bose S, Mittal V (2015) Tailored electrical conductivity, electromagnetic shielding and thermal transport in polymeric blends with graphene sheets decorated with nickel nanoparticles. Phys Chem Chem Phys 17:14922–14930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bayat M, Yang H, Ko FK, Michelson D, Mei A (2014) Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of hybrid multifunctional Fe3O4/carbon nanofiber composite. Polymer 55:936–943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xu J, Yang HB, Yu QJ, Chang LX, Pang XF, Li X, Zhu HY, Li MH, Zou GT (2007) Synthesis and characterization of hollow glass microspheres coated by SnO2 nanoparticles. Mater Lett 61:1424–1428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fu WY, Liu SK, Fan WH, Yang HB, Pang XF, Xu J, Zou GT (2007) Hollow glass microspheres coated with CoFe2O4 and its microwave absorption property. J Magn Magn Mater 316:54–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Huang Z, Chi B, Guan JG, Liu YQ (2014) Facile method to synthesize silver nanoparticles on the surface of hollow glass microspheres and their microwave shielding properties. Rsc Adv 4:18645–18651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Li LD, Chen XL, Qi SH (2016) Preparation and microwave absorbing property of Ni-Zn ferrite-coated hollow glass microspheres with polythiophene. J Magn Magn Mater 417:349–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Droval G, Feller JF, Salagnac P, Glouannec P (2008) Conductive polymer composites with double percolated architecture of carbon nanoparticles and ceramic microparticles for high heat dissipation and sharp PTC switching. Smart Mater Struct 17:025011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zribi K, Feller JF, Elleuch K, Bourmaud A, Elleuch B (2006) Conductive polymer composites obtained from recycled poly(carbonate) and rubber blends for heating and sensing applications. Polym Adv Technol 17:727–731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pang H, Piao YY, Tan YQ, Jiang GY, Wang JH, Li ZM (2013) Thermoelectric behaviour of segregated conductive polymer composites with hybrid fillers of carbon nanotube and bismuth telluride. Mater Lett 107:150–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhan YH, Lavorgna M, Buonocore G, Xia HS (2012) Enhancing electrical conductivity of rubber composites by constructing interconnected network of self-assembled graphene with latex mixing. J Mater Chem 22:10464–10468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Maiti S, Shrivastava NK, Suin S, Khatua BB (2013) Polystyrene/MWCNT/graphite nanoplate nanocomposites: efficient electromagnetic interference shielding material through graphite nanoplate-MWCNT-graphite nanoplate networking. ACS Appl Mater Inter 5:4712–4724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang H, Zheng K, Zhang X, Ding X, Zhang ZX, Bao C, Guo L, Chen L, Tian XY (2016) 3D network porous polymeric composites with outstanding electromagnetic interference shielding. Compos Sci Technol 125:22–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Saini P, Choudhary V, Vijayan N, Kotnala RK (2012) Improved electromagnetic interference shielding response of poly(aniline)-coated fabrics containing dielectric and magnetic nanoparticles. J Phys Chem C 116:13403–13412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Saini P, Choudhary V (2013) Enhanced electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of polyaniline functionalized carbon nanotubes filled polystyrene composites. J Nanopart Res 15:1415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Das NC, Liu YY, Yang KK, Peng WQ, Maiti S, Wang H (2009) Single-walled carbon nanotube/poly(methyl methacrylate) composites for electromagnetic interference shielding. Polym Eng Sci 49:1627–1634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Liu QC, Zi ZF, Zhang M, Zhang P, Pang AB, Dai JM, Sun YP (2013) Solvothermal synthesis of hollow glass microspheres/Fe3O4 composites as a lightweight microwave absorber. J Mater Sci 48:6048–6055.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7401-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wang JC, Xiang CS, Liu Q, Pan YB, Guo JK (2008) Ordered mesoporous carbon/fused silica composites. Adv Funct Mater 18:2995–3002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang WB, Xu XL, Yang JH, Huang T, Zhang N, Wang Y, Zhou ZW (2015) High thermal conductivity of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites achieved by adding polyvinylpyrrolidone. Compos Sci Technol 106:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Han ZD, Fina A (2011) Thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes and their polymer nanocomposites: a review. Prog Polym Sci 36:914–944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yang C, Yin XH, Li XP, Zhang ZH, Kan JW, Cheng GM (2016) Simulation study on flow dependent thermal conductivity of PC/MWCNTs nanocomposites considering interface topography. Appl Therm Eng 100:1207–1218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lu FJ, Hsu SL (1986) Study of the crystallization behavior of poly(vinylidene fluoride) from the melt under the effect of an electric-field. Macromolecules 19:326–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tian Z, Li KZ, Li HJ, Shi ZH (2008) Research on thermal conduction and mechanical properties for carbon foam. J Inorg Mater 23:1171–1174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kim YA, Kamio S, Tajiri T, Hayashi T, Song SM, Endo M, Terrones M, Dresselhaus MS (2007) Enhanced thermal conductivity of carbon fiber/phenolic resin composites by the introduction of carbon nanotubes. Appl Phys Lett 90(093125):1–3Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Applied Technology, Hefei Institutes of Physical ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.University of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Photovolatic and Energy Conservation MaterialsChinese Academy of SciencesHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Anhui Province Kangliya Co. LtdTianchangPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations