Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 8, pp 6094–6105 | Cite as

Single-step hydrothermally grown nanosheet-assembled tungsten oxide thin films for sensitive and selective NO2 gas detection

  • N. S. Harale
  • D. S. Dalavi
  • Sawanta S. Mali
  • N. L. Tarwal
  • S. A. Vanalakar
  • V. K. Rao
  • Chang Kook Hong
  • J. H. Kim
  • P. S. Patil
Electronic materials


A well-organized tungsten oxide (WO3) nanosheet-assembled microbricks have been synthesized by the hydrothermal route at 180 °C with the help of peroxy-tungstic acid sol. The as-synthesized thin films have been characterized for structural, morphological and compositional studies by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and FT-Raman spectroscopy. The deposited WO3 thin films have been found to be polycrystalline in nature with the monoclinic crystal structure. The SEM micrographs revealed the formation of microbrick-like structure which was made up of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets. The 2D nanosheets act as a nanobuilding blocks for the formation of microbricks. The gas-sensing performance of WO3 thin films was carried out for different gases, and it is observed that sensor exhibited maximum gas response towards Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) gas which is seven times higher than that of other gases at an operating temperature of 300 °C over the concentration range of 5–100 ppm. WO3 microbricks sensor showed higher response about 11.5 and fast response–recovery characteristics towards NO2 gas, especially a much quicker gas response time of 16 s and recovery time of 260 s at 100 ppm.



Authors are thankful to the DRDO, New Delhi, for the financial support through Project-DRDO/ERIP/ER/0803719/M/01/1343. This work was supported by the Human Resources Development Program (No.: 20124010203180) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017R1A2B4008117) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2016H1D3 A1909289) for an outstanding overseas young researcher.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. S. Harale
    • 1
  • D. S. Dalavi
    • 2
  • Sawanta S. Mali
    • 3
  • N. L. Tarwal
    • 1
  • S. A. Vanalakar
    • 4
  • V. K. Rao
    • 5
  • Chang Kook Hong
    • 3
  • J. H. Kim
    • 6
  • P. S. Patil
    • 1
  1. 1.Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of PhysicsShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsKrishna Mahavidyalaya, Rethare (Bk)Karad, SataraIndia
  3. 3.School of Applied Chemical EngineeringChonnam National UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsKarmveer Hire CollegeKolhapurIndia
  5. 5.Defence Research & Development EstablishmentGwaliorIndia
  6. 6.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringChonnam National UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea

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