Interfacial stability of graphene-based surfaces in water and organic solvents
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The mass production of graphene and graphene oxide (GO) is essential for its use in commercial products. To improve its processing in the solution, dispersion behavior of graphene-based materials and their colloidal stability must be further understood. This study used all-atom molecular dynamics simulations to understand how electrostatics, van der Waals interactions, and hydrogen bonding affect the exfoliation and stability of three-layered graphene as a function of oxidation and solvent. Water, methanol, and ethanol were chosen as solvents due to their various dispersion behaviors. Our study indicated that (1) both surface oxidation level and solvent type can heavily influence the stability and (2) a decrease in interlayer vdW interactions, an increase in GO–solvent electrostatic interactions, and an increase in GO–solvent hydrogen bonding are important factors that can facilitate the dissolution of GO.
This work was supported by NSF (CMMI-1150682) and NSF’s Research Triangle MRSEC (DMR-1121107). The computation support was provided by High Performance Computing (HPC) center at North Carolina State University.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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