Design of microencapsulated phase change material by one-step swelling polymerization in Pickering emulsion

Chemical routes to materials
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Microencapsulated phase change materials (MePCMs) based on swelling polymerization in Pickering emulsion were demonstrated. Monodisperse poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) P(GMA-co-HEMA) particles were prepared by dispersion polymerization. The introduction of hydrophilic monomer HEMA endowed the obtained particles with suitable surface hydrophilicity for stabilizing Pickering emulsion. MePCMs with PGMA–polystyrene interpenetrating composite shell were formed when non-crosslinked particles were employed as stabilizer, while MePCMs with particles-embedded shell were prepared with crosslinked particles as Pickering stabilizer. Phase change property, thermal stability and thermal reliability of two kinds of MePCMs were investigated by TGA, FT-IR, DSC and cycling test. The temperature of 10% weight loss of MePCMs with interpenetrating shell was 11 °C higher than that of MePCMs with particles-embedded shell. After cycling test, the percentage of leached core materials from MePCMs with interpenetrating shell was approximately one-third of that from MePCMs with particles-embedded shell. The results showed that MePCMs with an integral shell presented better thermal stability, tightness and thermal reliability than MePCMs with particles-embedded shell. The research developed a simple process for MePCMs with excellent performance.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The supports from the National key research and development program of China (No. 2016YFC0301302), Natural Science Foundation of Shannxi Province (2017JM5080) and National Nature Science Foundation of China (51173147) are highly appreciated.

References

  1. 1.
    O’Brien CJ, Foiles SM (2016) Exploration of the mechanisms of temperature-dependent grain boundary mobility: search for the common origin of ultrafast grain boundary motion. J Mater Sci 51:6607–6623.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-9944-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pielichowska K, Pielichowski K (2014) Phase change materials for thermal energy storage. Prog Mater Sci 65:67–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li H, Fang G, Liu X (2010) Synthesis of shape-stabilized paraffin/silicon dioxide composites as phase change material for thermal energy storage. J Mater Sci 45:1672–1676.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-4146-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yataganbaba A, Ozkahraman B, Kurtbas I (2017) Worldwide trends on encapsulation of phase change material: a bibliometric analysis (1990–2015). Appl Energy 185:720–731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Giro-Paloma J, Martínez M, Cabeza LF, Fernández AI (2016) Types, methods, techniques, and applications for microencapsulated phase change materials (MPCM): a review. Renew Sust Energy Rev 53:1059–1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    You M, Zhang X, Wang J (2009) Polyurethane foam containing microencapsulated phase-change materials with styrene–divinybenzene co-polymer shells. J Mater Sci 44:3141–3147.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-3418-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hassabo AG, Mohamed AL (2017) Enhancement the thermo-regulating property of cellulosic fabric using encapsulated paraffins in modified pectin. Carbohyd Polym 165:421–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Giro-Paloma J, Barreneche C, Martínez M, Sumiga B, Fernández AI, Cabeza LF (2016) Mechanical response evaluation of microcapsules from different slurries. Renew Energy 85:732–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lee H, Choi C-H, Abbaspourrad A, Wesner C, Caggioni M, Zhu T, Weitz DA (2016) Encapsulation and enhanced retention of fragrance in polymer microcapsules. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:4007–4013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yin D, Ma L, Liu J, Zhang QY (2014) Pickering emulsion: a novel template for microencapsulated phase change materials with polymer-silica hybrid shell. Energy 64:575–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sun N, Xiao Z (2016) Paraffin wax-based phase change microencapsulation embedded with silicon nitride nanoparticles for thermal energy storage. J Mater Sci 51:8550–8561.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0116-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Alva G, Lin Y, Liu L, Fang GY (2017) Synthesis, characterization and applications of microencapsulated phase change materials in thermal energy storage: a review. Energy Build 144:276–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liu H, Gu X, Hu M, Hu Y, Wang C (2014) Facile fabrication of nanocomposite microcapsules by combining layer-by-layer self-assembly and Pickering emulsion templating. RSC Adv 4:16751–16758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yin D, Geng W, Zhang Q, Zhang B (2015) Confining polymerization at emulsion interface by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization on reactive Pickering stabilizer. J Ind Eng Chem 31:360–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wei W, He J, Yu B, Zou Y, Liu F, Chen X, Chen J (2016) Synthesis of microencapsulated benzyl benzoate with a CaCO3 shell and its application to the durable anti-mite finishing of nylon 6 fabric. RSC Adv 6:59624–59632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang L, Yang W, Jiang Z, He F, Zhang K, Fan J, Wu J (2017) Graphene oxide-modified microencapsulated phase change materials with high encapsulation capacity and enhanced leakage-prevention performance. Appl Energy 197:354–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yin D, Ma L, Geng W, Zhang B, Zhang Q (2015) Microencapsulation of n-hexadecanol by in situ polymerization of melamine-formaldehyde resin in emulsion stabilized by styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer. Int J Energy Res 39:661–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Thompson KL, Armes SP, Howse JR, Ebbens S, Ahmad I, Zaidi JH, York DW, Burdis JA (2010) Covalently cross-linked colloidosomes. Macromolecules 43:10466–10474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thompson KL, Williams M, Armes SP (2015) Colloidosomes: synthesis, properties and applications. J Colloid Interface Sci 447:217–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yin D, Bai L, Jia Y, Liu J, Zhang Q (2017) Microencapsulation through thermally sintering Pickering emulsion-based colloidosomes. Soft Matter 13:3720–3725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liu J, Yin D, Zhang S, Liu H, Zhang Q (2015) Synthesis of polymeric core/shell microspheres with spherical virus-like surface morphology by Pickering emulsion. Colloids Surf A 466:174–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yin D, Zhang Q, Yin C, Jia Y, Zhang H (2010) Effect of particle coverage on morphology of SiO2-covered polymer microspheres by Pickering emulsion polymerization. Colloids Surf A 367:70–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhou J, Qiao X, Binks BP, Sun K, Bai M, Li Y, Liu Y (2011) Magnetic Pickering emulsions stabilized by Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Langmuir 27:3308–3316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chevalier Y, Bolzinger MA (2013) Emulsions stabilized with solid nanoparticles: Pickering emulsions. Colloids Surf A 439:23–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhou D, Zhang Z, Tang J, Zhang M, Liao L (2016) Effects of variables on the dispersion of cationic–anionic organo-montmorillonites and characteristics of Pickering emulsion. RSC Adv 6:9678–9685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tang S, Zhang R, Liu F, Liu X (2015) Hansen solubility parameters of polyglycolic acid and interaction parameters between polyglycolic acid and solvents. Eur Polym J 72:83–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Asai S, Majumdar S, Gupta A, Kargupta K, Ganguly S (2009) Dynamics and pattern formation in thermally induced phase separation of polymer-solvent system. Comput Mater Sci 47:193–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cao F, Yang B (2014) Supercooling suppression of microencapsulated phase change material by optimizing shell composition and structure. Appl Energy 113:1512–1518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kong W, Fu X, Yuan Y, Liu Z, Lei J (2017) Preparation and thermal properties of crosslinked polyurethane/lauric acid composites as novel form stable phase change materials with a low degree of supercooling. RSC Adv 7:29554–29562CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ScienceNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations