Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 11, pp 5321–5329 | Cite as

Effects of alloying elements on crystallization kinetics of Ti–Zr–Be bulk metallic glass

  • Pan Gong
  • Xin Wang
  • Kefu Yao
Original Paper


It has been found that the partial substitution of Fe, Al, Ag, Cu, Ni, V, or Cr for Be effectively enhances the glass-forming ability of Ti–Zr–Be ternary alloy. The influence of different alloying elements on crystallization kinetics of Ti41Zr25Be34 alloy has been investigated by isothermal and isochronal differential calorimetry combined with X-ray diffraction. Among the selected alloying elements, Fe, Al, Cu, Ni, or Cr can enhance the thermal stability, while the Ag- and V-containing alloys exhibit a slightly narrower supercool liquid region. The crystallization of all the eight alloys proceeds through at least two exothermic events. The apparent activation energies of glass transition and crystallization have been determined based on the Kissinger equation. The substitution of Al, Ag, Cu, or Ni for Be does not change the product of the primary crystallization of the base alloy. However, with the addition of beta stabilized elements (Fe, V, and Cr), the formation of β-Ti as primary phase is promoted. The overall nucleation and growth characteristics of the parent, Al-, Ag-, Cu-, Ni-, V-, and Cr-additive alloys, are similar. Compared with the other seven alloys, Ti41Zr25Be28Fe6 alloy exhibits much larger Avrami exponents with an average value of 5.26, indicating a high-dimensional growth with increasing nucleation rate.


Crystallization Behavior Crystallization Kinetic Bulk Metallic Glass Glassy Alloy Supercooled Liquid Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51271095).

Supplementary material

10853_2016_9835_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 2857 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHebei University of TechnologyTianjinChina

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