Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 22, pp 10066–10076 | Cite as

Effects of thermal damage on physical properties and cracking behavior of ultrahigh-performance fiber-reinforced concrete

  • Hui Bian
  • Kinda Hannawi
  • Mokhfi Takarli
  • Laurent Molez
  • William Prince
Original Paper


In this work, we study the impact of thermal damage on the physical and mechanical properties of ultrahigh-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC), especially on their cracking process under compressive loading. Four mixtures of UHPFRC were prepared using identical composition but reinforced with different types of fibers: mineral fibers (Steel or Wollastonite) or organic fibers (PP or PVA) and compared with that without fibers (UHPC). To induce a thermal damage on UHPFRC, the samples were subjected to temperatures ranging from 150 to 400 °C. After each degradation stage, the gas permeability and the P-wave velocity were measured. The mechanical behavior under loading has been studied using a uniaxial compression test which combines the gas permeability and the acoustic emission measurement. The results show that the melting of organic fibers at approximately 180 °C builds a tunnel across the cement paste and increases brutally the gas permeability. At 400 °C treatment, a decrease of compression strength by 30 % and of Young modulus by approximately 60 % was observed. However, we can see that the thermal damage results a decrease in the threshold of initial cracking (σ k−ci) and that of unstable cracking (σ k−pi), and this can be explained by the initiation of new cracks and their coalescence.


Compressive Strength Acoustic Emission Steel Fiber Wollastonite Acoustic Emission Signal 
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Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this paper certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest, or nonfinancial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Bian
    • 1
  • Kinda Hannawi
    • 1
  • Mokhfi Takarli
    • 2
  • Laurent Molez
    • 1
  • William Prince
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Génie Civil et Génie Mécanique (LGCGM)INSA-RennesRennes Cedex 7France
  2. 2.Groupe d’Etude des Matériaux Hétérogènes (GEMH), Equipe Génie Civil et DurabilitéUniversité de LimogesEgletonsFrance

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