Effects of microwave irradiation on H2S removal activity from hot coal gas by modified semicoke-supported ZnO sorbents
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To improve the desulfurization performance of sorbents at a low cost, modified semicoke-supported zinc oxide sorbents were prepared for hot coal gas by calcining the precursors using microwave and conventional heating. The desulfurization performances of these sorbents were evaluated over a fixed-bed reactor. The effects of microwave-assisted calcination temperature and time on the properties of sorbents were also investigated. These sorbents were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption. The results show that the sorbents calcined by microwave exhibited a much higher sorbent utilization and desulfurization efficiency than those heated by conventional method. Compared to conventional heating, even and rapid heating of microwave led to smaller crystal size and better dispersion of active species. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller results confirm that microwave irradiation modified the microstructure improved the pore structure (an increase in the specific surface area and pore volume), thus facilitating the gas–solid interactions during the desulfurization processes. A higher concentration of elements Zn and O was observed on the surface of sorbents by XPS analysis, facilitating the reaction of active species with H2S. The performance of the sorbents heated by microwave irradiation appeared to be stable over multiple sulfidation–regeneration cycles.
KeywordsMicrowave Irradiation Desulfurization Conventional Heating Calcination Time Weight Hourly Space Velocity
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51272170, 21506143).