Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 1178–1203 | Cite as

Review of the synergies between computational modeling and experimental characterization of materials across length scales

  • Rémi Dingreville
  • Richard A. Karnesky
  • Guillaume Puel
  • Jean-Hubert Schmitt
Multiscale Modeling and Experiment


With the increasing interplay between experimental and computational approaches at multiple length scales, new research directions are emerging in materials science and computational mechanics. Such cooperative interactions find many applications in the development, characterization and design of complex material systems. This manuscript provides a broad and comprehensive overview of recent trends in which predictive modeling capabilities are developed in conjunction with experiments and advanced characterization to gain a greater insight into structure–property relationships and study various physical phenomena and mechanisms. The focus of this review is on the intersections of multiscale materials experiments and modeling relevant to the materials mechanics community. After a general discussion on the perspective from various communities, the article focuses on the latest experimental and theoretical opportunities. Emphasis is given to the role of experiments in multiscale models, including insights into how computations can be used as discovery tools for materials engineering, rather than to “simply” support experimental work. This is illustrated by examples from several application areas on structural materials. This manuscript ends with a discussion on some problems and open scientific questions that are being explored in order to advance this relatively new field of research.


Digital Image Correlation Atom Probe Tomography Electron Back Scatter Diffraction Integrate Computational Material Engineer Multiple Length Scale 



This review article was written by the organizers of a symposium on the synergies between computational and experimental characterization across length scales at the 7th International Conference on Multiscale Materials Modeling, October 6–10, 2014 in Berkeley California USA. This symposium provided a forum for the Materials Science community to present and discuss the recent successes of predicting various physical phenomena and mechanisms in materials systems enabled by the collaboration between experimentalists and modelers. Some scientific research findings, successful collaborations, and tools leveraging the experiment-modeling synergy presented during this symposium are discussed in the present manuscript. Consequently, the authors thank all participants of this symposium for inspiration and motivation. RD and RAK are supported by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program at Sandia National Laboratories, a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE–AC04–94AL85000.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rémi Dingreville
    • 1
  • Richard A. Karnesky
    • 2
  • Guillaume Puel
    • 3
  • Jean-Hubert Schmitt
    • 3
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Sandia National LaboratoriesLivermoreUSA
  3. 3.Laboratoire Mécanique des Sols, Structures et Matériaux (MSSMat), CNRS UMR 8579, Centrale/SupélecUniversité Paris-SaclayChâtenay MalabryFrance

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