Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 12, pp 4160–4173 | Cite as

Influence of Zn interlayer addition on microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded AZ31 Mg alloy

  • R. Z. Xu
  • D. R. Ni
  • Q. Yang
  • C. Z. Liu
  • Z. Y. Ma
Original Paper


2.4-mm-thick AZ31 Mg alloy sheets were friction stir spot welded without and with the addition of Zn interlayers ranging from 0.04 to 0.16 mm in thickness. For the joints without Zn interlayers, although the loads of the joints could be increased by changing the end surface geometry and size of the shoulders, the small bonded area and hook defects limited further increase of joint loads. For the joints with Zn interlayers, the Zn interlayer reacted with the Mg substrate, forming a Mg–Zn brazed zone composed of complex Mg–Zn intermetallics and a thin strip of (α-Mg + MgZn) eutectoid structure, thereby increasing the bonded area and reducing the hook defects of joints at the same time. As a result, the maximum joint load increased from 2.7 to 5.2 kN using a 10-mm-diameter concave shoulder with a 0.12-mm-thick Zn interlayer. A thicker interlayer resulted in a significant increase in the thickness of the thin strip in the hook region, and a thinner interlayer led to the formation of more defects due to intense diffusion reactions, thereby reducing the joint loads.


MgZn Thin Strip Friction Stir Spot Welding Friction Stir Spot Welding Advance Side 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported by the National R&D Program of China under Grant No. 2011BAE22B05, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 51371179 and 51331008.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Z. Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. R. Ni
    • 1
  • Q. Yang
    • 1
  • C. Z. Liu
    • 2
  • Z. Y. Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  2. 2.College of Material Science and EngineeringShenyang Aerospace UniversityShenyangChina

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