Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 2480–2490 | Cite as

Engineering the A- and B-sites for upconversion luminescence in Ho- and Yb-codoped filled tetragonal tungsten bronze oxides

  • T. Wei
  • L. Ye
  • C. Z. Zhao
  • W. B. Wang
  • Q. Z. Ma
  • Q. Lv
  • J. M. Liu
Original Paper


Filled tetragonal tungsten bronze (FTTB) oxides represent a huge family of materials which exhibit rich electric and magnetic functionalities deserving for comprehensive investigations. Recently, some members of this family have established their significance in efficient upconversion (UC) luminescence upon proper rare-earth species doping, while the signal intensity is yet weak. In this work, the UC luminescence of Ba p Ln6−p Ti8−p Nb2+p O30 codoped by Ho and Yb (BLTNp:Ho–Yb) with different p are studied. The bright UC green emission, red emission, and near-infrared (NIR) emissions, originating from the two-photon energy-transfer process associated with the 5S2 → 5I8, 5F5 → 5I8, and 5S2 → 5I7 transitions of Ho3+ ions, were observed. The luminescence intensity demonstrates remarkable dependence on the A- and B-sites occupation, and the UC green, red, and NIR luminescence can be enhanced for 10, 25, and 10 times, respectively, upon a change of p from 3.5 to 5.0. This dependence is found to be tightly correlated with the crystal field environment, as characterized by the local lattice distortion. This work sheds light onto an alternative strategy to enhance the UC luminescence in this FTTB family.


Lattice Distortion NaYF4 Local Lattice Distortion NaGdF4 Rietveld Structural Refinement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51102277, 11234005), and the Tianjin Research Program of Application Foundation and Advanced Technology (No. 14JCQNJC03700).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Wei
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Ye
    • 1
  • C. Z. Zhao
    • 3
  • W. B. Wang
    • 1
  • Q. Z. Ma
    • 1
  • Q. Lv
    • 1
  • J. M. Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.College of ScienceCivil Aviation University of ChinaTianjinChina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Solid State MicrostructuresNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.School of Electronics and Information EngineeringTianjin Polytechnics UniversityTianjinChina

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