Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 1740–1745 | Cite as

Mn substitution-induced revival of the ferroelectric antiferromagnetic phase in Bi1−x Ca x FeO3−x/2 multiferroics

  • V. A. Khomchenko
  • L. C. J. Pereira
  • J. A. Paixão
Original Paper


Room-temperature X-ray diffraction, piezoresponse force microscopy, and SQUID magnetometry measurements of the Bi0.9Ca0.1Fe1−y Mn y O3 (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.5) ferromanganites have been carried out to illustrate the effect of B-site substitution on the crystal structure and multiferroic properties of the Ca-doped compound representing an intermediate ferroelectric and weak ferromagnetic phase of the Bi1−x Ca x FeO3−x/2 perovskites. The Mn doping has been shown to restore multiferroic behavior specific to pure BiFeO3. Indeed, the 0.1 ≤ y ≤ 0.4 samples have been found to possess a single-phase rhombohedral structure compatible with the ferroelectric polarization and antiferromagnetism. Further increase of the Mn concentration stabilizes an orthorhombic structure typical of the high-pressure antiferroelectric phase of the BiFe1−y Mn y O3 perovskites. These results, particularly important from the viewpoint of understanding the origin of weak ferromagnetism in the Bi1−x Ca x FeO3−x/2 system, are discussed using a model accounting for the doping-related defect formation.


BiFeO3 Rhombohedral Phase Piezoresponse Force Microscopy Multiferroic Property Pure BiFeO3 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by funds from FEDER (Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade COMPETE) and from FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia under the project PEst-C/FIS/UI0036/2014. Access to TAIL-UC facility funded under QREN-Mais Centro Project ICT_2009_02_012_1890 is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Khomchenko
    • 1
  • L. C. J. Pereira
    • 2
  • J. A. Paixão
    • 1
  1. 1.CEMDRX/Department of PhysicsUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Unidade de Ciências Químicas e Radiofarmacêuticas, IST/CTN, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade Técnica de Lisboa/CFMCULSacavémPortugal

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