Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 49, Issue 22, pp 7723–7729 | Cite as

Bitumen spreading on calcareous aggregates at high temperature

  • Felipe Guerrero-BarbaII
  • Miguel A. Cabrerizo-Vílchez
  • Miguel A. Rodríguez-Valverde
Original Paper


In hot asphalt applications, the adhesion between bitumen and mineral aggregate is usually described in terms of bitumen surface tension and contact angle of the bitumen over the aggregate. However, the quantification of the physico-chemical bond between bitumen and aggregate under realistic conditions is a nontrivial task. In this work, we designed a high-temperature goniometer to measure the contact angle of liquid bitumen on mineral aggregate substrates. The drop deposition was conducted once the thermal equilibrium between liquid bitumen and aggregate was attained. We monitored the spreading of sessile drops of viscous naphthenic bitumen and asphaltic bitumen on polished sheets of calcareous aggregates at high temperature (70–100 °C). A near complete wetting with very low contact angles (13–\(24^{\circ }\)) was reproduced regardless of the bitumen origin and temperature. Furthermore, the coating degree of the naphthenic and asphaltic bitumens on the calcareous aggregates at high temperature was apparently similar. We found that the bitumen-aggregate adhesion is adequately described by dynamic spreading rather than by equilibrium wettability. Spreading kinetics was ruled by the particular properties of each bitumen such as viscosity and acid index. We found evidences of acid etching of the naphthenic bitumen on the calcareous aggregates during spreading at high temperature.


Contact Angle Asphalt Bitumen Sessile Drop Asphalt Mixture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Ministerio Español de Ciencia e Innovacion (project MAT2011-23339) and the Junta de Andalucia (projects P09-FQM-4698 and P12-FQM-1443). The authors thank Dr. Didier Lesueur for fruitful scientific discussion.


  1. 1.
    Sörensen A, Wichert B (2012) Asphalt and bitumen. In: Bauer K, Garbe D, Surburg H (eds) Ullmann’s encyclopedia of industrial chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lesueur D (2009) The colloidal structure of bitumen: Consequences on the rheology and on the mechanisms of bitumen modification. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 145(1–2):42–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baginska K, Gawel I (2004) Effect of origin and technology on the chemical composition and colloidal stability of bitumens. Fuel Process Technol 85(13):1453–1462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bagampadde U, Isacsson U, Kiggundu B (2006) Impact of bitumen and aggregate composition on stripping in bituminous mixtures. Mater Struct 39(3):303–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boulangé L, Bonin E, Saubot M (2013) Physicochemical characterisations of the bitumen-aggregate interface to get a better understanding of stripping phenomena. Road Mater Pavement 14(2):384–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nowell D, Powell M (1991) Determination of adhesion in bitumen-mineral systems by heat-of-immersion calorimetry. J Therm Anal 37(9):2109–2124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Somé SC, Gaudefroy V, Delaunay D (2012) Estimation of bonding quality between bitumen and aggregate under asphalt mixture manufacturing condition by thermal contact resistance measurement. Int J Heat Mass Transfer 55(23–24):6854–6863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boulangé L, Sterczynskia F (2012) Study of interfacial interactions between bitumen and various aggregates used in road construction. J Adhes Sci Technol 26(1–3):163–173Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ziyani L, Gaudefroy V, Ferber V, Deneele D, Hammoum F (2014) Chemical reactivity of mineral aggregates in aqueous solution: relationship with bitumen emulsion breaking. J Mater Sci 49(6):2465–2476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dourado ER, Pizzorno BS, Motta LMG, Simao RA, Leite LF (2014) Analysis of asphaltic binders modified with PPA by surface techniques. J Microsc 254(3):122–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chaverot P, Cagna A, Glita S, Rondelez F (2008) Interfacial tension of bitumen–water interfaces. Part 1: Influence of endogenous surfactants at acidic pH. Energy Fuels 22(2):790–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    CEN (2007) EN 12595:2007-Bitumen and bituminous binders–Determination of kinematic viscosity. CEN/TC 336–Bituminous bindersGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    CEN (2007) EN 1427:2007-Bitumen and bituminous binders–Determination of softening point - Ring and Ball method. CEN/TC 336–Bituminous bindersGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    CEN (2009) EN 12591:2009-Bitumen and bituminous binders–Specifications for paving grade bitumens. CEN/TC 336–Bituminous bindersGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    ASTM (1989) ASTM D-664: Standard test method for acid number of petroleum products by potentiometric titration. Annual book of ASTM standardsGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ovalles C, del Carmen Garcia M, Lujano E, Aular W, Bermudez R, Cotte E (1998) Structure/interfacial activity relationships and thermal stability studies of Cerro Negro crude oil and its acid, basic and neutral fractions. Fuel 77(3):121–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rodríguez-Valverde MA, Cabrerizo-Vílchez MA, Rosales-López P, Páez-Dueñas A, Hidalgo-Álvarez R (2002) Contact angle measurements on two (wood and stone) non-ideal surfaces. Colloid Surf A 206(1–3):485–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rodríguez-Valverde MA, Ramon-Torregrosa P, Páez-Dueñas A, Cabrerizo-Vílchez MA, Hidalgo-Álvarez R (2008) Imaging techniques applied to characterize bitumen and bituminous emulsions. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 136(1–2):93–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Guerrero-Barba F, Moraila-Martínez CL, Lesueur D, Cabrerizo-Vílchez MA, Rodríguez-Valverde MA (2013) Interfacial energy of heavy naphthenic bitumen in aqueous medium. Fuel 112:45–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jacobasch HJ, Grundke K, Schneider S, Simon F (1995) Surface characterization of polymers by physico-chemical measurements. J Adhes 48(1–4):57–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felipe Guerrero-BarbaII
    • 1
  • Miguel A. Cabrerizo-Vílchez
    • 1
  • Miguel A. Rodríguez-Valverde
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Biocolloid and Fluid Physics GroupUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain

Personalised recommendations