Synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial activity of poly(GMA-co-EGDMA) polymer decorated with silver nanoparticles
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Composite consisting of silver nanoparticles coordinated to poly(GMA-co-EGDMA) macroporous copolymer was prepared by attachment of amino group to the poly(GMA-co-EGDMA) in the reaction with ethylene diamine, and consequent reduction of silver ions with amino groups at elevated temperature. The infrared measurements indicated that surface of silver nanoparticles is passivated through the coordination of the lone pair on the N atom of the imine present in the skeleton of the poly(GMA-co-EGDMA) copolymer. The inductively coupled plasma atomic emission, UV–Vis reflection spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy measurements revealed the high content (52 wt%) of well-separated silver nanoparticles in the size range of 5–10 nm onto composite. Antimicrobial efficiency of composite was tested against Gram-negative bacteria E. coli, Gram-positive bacteria S. aureus, and fungus C. albicans in wide concentration range of composite. The composite ensured almost maximum reduction of both bacteria, while the fungi reduction reached 96.5 %.
KeywordsSilver Nanoparticles EGDMA Polymer Support Glycol Dimethacrylate Surface Plasmon Resonance Band
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Grant 45020). TEM characterization work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Contract No. DE-FG02-08ER64624.
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