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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 49, Issue 17, pp 6048–6055 | Cite as

Thermal conductivities of alumina-based multiwall carbon nanotube ceramic composites

  • Kaleem Ahmad
  • Pan Wei
  • Chunlei Wan
Article

Abstract

Composites incorporating various vol.% (0.0, 1.1, 6.4, and 10.4) of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in alumina were consolidated by the spark plasma sintering. Their thermal transport properties were investigated over the temperature range 300–800 K as a function of nanotube contents. It was observed that the temperature-dependent effective thermal conductivity decreases with the addition of MWCNTs in alumina. This behavior was analyzed in terms of phonon mean free path, elastic modulus, average sound speed, and interface thermal resistance. Compared with 1/T behavior for pristine alumina, a subtle decrease in temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity of the composites with the addition of MWCNTs is observed, indicating the presence of extra phonon scattering mechanism beyond the intrinsic phonon–phonon scattering. Simulation of experimental results with theoretical model shows that the large interfacial thermal barrier between MWCNTs and alumina plays a dominant role in controlling thermal transport properties of the composites. In addition to dominant interface thermal resistance other secondary factors such as nanotube agglomeration, processing defects, porosity also contribute for low thermal conductivity at the higher volume fraction of MWCNTs in the composite.

Keywords

Thermal Conductivity Sound Speed Spark Plasma Sinter Effective Thermal Conductivity Interface Thermal Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51272120, 50990302, 51323001).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of EngineeringNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  3. 3.Sustainable Energy Technologies CenterKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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