Skip to main content

Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-based hybrid materials with photocatalytic and magnetic properties prepared by electrospinning and electrospraying

Abstract

Several types of nanostructured hybrid fibrous materials containing poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), nanoparticles from iron oxide (Fe3O4) and titanium dioxide (TiO2), and chitosan or chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) were prepared. The design of the surface of the materials and their magnetic properties were tailored purposefully by conjunction of electrospinning and electrospraying. The surface and bulk morphologies of the obtained nanostructured materials were examined by SEM. Further, the distribution of Fe3O4 and TiO2 nanoparticles was estimated by TEM analyses, as well as their surface chemical composition was determined by XPS. It was found that the simultaneous electrospinning and electrospraying of Fe3O4/chitosan or TiO2/COS dispersions resulted in uniform distribution of the nanoparticles along the length of the fibers, while electrospraying of the mixed Fe3O4/TiO2/chitosan dispersion led to agglomerate formation. Furthermore, the nanostructured hybrid materials preserved the magnetic properties of Fe3O4 embedded therein. It was demonstrated that the hybrid materials of different designs displayed excellent photocatalytic activity under UV light irradiation against a model organic contaminant—methylene blue, even after threefold use of the materials.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Kickelbick G (2007) Hybrid materials: synthesis, characterization, and applications. Wiley, Weinheim

    Google Scholar 

  2. Wang B, Zhang P-P, Williams GR, White CB, Quan J, Nie H-L, Zhu L-M (2013) A simple route to form magnetic chitosan nanoparticles from coaxial-electrospun composite nanofibers. J Mater Sci 48:3991–3998

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Kanjwal MA, Barakat NAM, Sheikh FA, Kim HY (2010) Electronic characterization and photocatalytic properties of TiO2/CdO electrospun nanofibers. J Mater Sci 45:1272–1279

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Doh SJ, Kim C, Lee SG, Lee SJ, Kim H (2008) Development of photocatalytic TiO2 nanofibers by electrospinning and its application to degradation of dye pollutants. J Hazard Mater 154:118–127

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Yun J, Jin D, Lee YS, Kim H-I (2010) Photocatalytic treatment of acidic waste water by electrospun composite nanofibers of pH-sensitive hydrogel and TiO2. Mater Lett 64(22):2431–2434

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Linsebigler AL, Lu G, Yates JT (1995) Photocatalysis on TiO2 surfaces: principles, mechanisms, and selected results. Chem Rev 95(3):735–758

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Hoffmann MR, Martin ST, Choi W, Bahnemann DW (1995) Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis. Chem Rev 95(1):69–96

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Lenz RW, Marchessault RH (2005) Bacterial polyesters: biosynthesis, biodegradable plastics and biotechnology. Biomacromolecules 6(1):1–8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Wang C, Hsu C-H, Hwang I-H (2008) Scaling laws and internal structure for characterizing electrospun poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] fibers. Polymer 49(19):4188–4195

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Mincheva R, Stoilova O, Penchev H, Ruskov T, Spirov I, Manolova N, Rashkov I (2008) Synthesis of polymer-stabilized magnetic nanoparticles and fabrication of nanocomposite fibers thereof using electrospinning. Eur Polym J 44(3):615–627

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Korina E, Stoilova O, Manolova N, Rashkov I (2013) Multifunctional hybrid materials from poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), TiO2 nanoparticles and chitosan oligomers by combining electrospinning/electrospraying and impregnation. Macromol Biosci 13(6):707–716

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Gamzazade AI, Slimak VM, Skljar AM, Stykova EV, Pavlova SSA, Rogozin SV (1985) Investigation of the hydrodynamic properties of chitosan solutions. Acta Polym 8:420–424

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Zhu A, Yuan L, Liao T (2008) Suspension of Fe3O4 nanoparticles stabilized by chitosan and o-carboxymethylchitosan. Int J Pharm 350:361–368

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Zhang H, Zhu G (2001) One-step hydrothermal synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles immobilized on polyamide fabric. Appl Surf Sci 172(1–2):167–177

    Google Scholar 

  15. Casaletto MP, Ingo GM, Kaciulis S, Mattogno G, Pandol L, Scavia G (2012) Surface studies of in vitro biocompatibility of titanium oxide coatings. Appl Surf Sci 258(11):4952–4959

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Patrocínio AOT, Paniago EB, Paniago RM, Iha NYM (2008) XPS characterization of sensitized n-TiO2 thin films for dye-sensitized solar cell applications. Appl Surf Sci 254(6):1874–1879

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Financial support from the National Science Fund (Grant DCVP 02/2–UNION) is kindly acknowledged. The authors thank Assoc. Prof. D. Karashanova from the Institute of Optical Materials and Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, for the help in TEM analyses.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Iliya Rashkov.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 56 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Korina, E., Stoilova, O., Manolova, N. et al. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-based hybrid materials with photocatalytic and magnetic properties prepared by electrospinning and electrospraying. J Mater Sci 49, 2144–2153 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7907-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7907-3

Keywords

  • TiO2
  • Chitosan
  • Fe3O4
  • Methylene Blue
  • Photocatalytic Activity