Design of low temperature self-cured phthalonitrile-based polymers for advanced glass fiber composite laminates
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Self-promoted copolymerization behavior and processability of phthalonitrile oligomer/phthalonitrile containing benzoxazine (Po/BA-ph) system were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic rheological analysis. The results revealed that Po/BA-ph systems exhibited double-stage curing behaviors which corresponded to the ring-opening polymerization of benzoxazine rings and ring-formation polymerization of nitrile groups. Compared with Po, processability of Po/BA-ph blends was improved and could be tuned by varying BA-ph contents, processing temperature, and time. The structures of the copolymers were also characterized and discussed to further confirm the copolymerizing behaviors. Then Po/BA-ph copolymers were employed to prepare Po/BA-ph/glass fiber (GF) composite laminates, and their mechanical and thermal properties were investigated. Compared with those of Po/GF composites, the flexural strength and modulus of Po/BA-ph/GF composites were increased by 6.5 and 25 %, respectively. All of the Po/BA-ph/GF composite laminates were stable up to 430 °C in air. The systematic study of Po/BA-ph system could enrich the thermosetting resin/thermosetting resin systems in industrial applications. Meanwhile, the outstanding mechanical properties and thermal stabilities enable the Po/BA-ph/GF composite laminates to be further applied in the areas which require excellent mechanical properties and high temperature resistance.
KeywordsFlexural Strength Composite Laminate Cyano Group Active Hydrogen Flexural Modulus
The authors wish to thank for financial support of this work from the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 51173021) and “863” National Major Program of High Technology (2012AA03A212).
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