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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 48, Issue 22, pp 8023–8028 | Cite as

Ethanol-sensing properties of potassium bromide/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites

  • Aoumeur Boulerouah
  • Stéphane Longuemart
  • Philippe Hus
  • Abdelhak Hadj Sahraoui
Article

Abstract

The work reported in this paper is related to the fabrication and electrical characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT)-based solid composites pellets with potential application as gas sensor at room temperature, using potassium bromide as supporting material. Results show an electrical conductivity of the composites as a function of the MWNT loading following a power law associated with a percolation phenomenon. A variation of the electrical resistance of the composites as a function of ethanol concentration in a nitrogen atmosphere has also been observed, allowing detection of ethanol from about hundred of ppm. It is also shown the existence of an optimal MWNT loading for which the composite reaches its best ethanol-sensing performances.

Keywords

Carbon Nanotubes Ethanol Concentration Percolation Threshold Ethanol Vapour Digital Multimeter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Benoit Duponchel for the SEM images and Fabrice Cazier and all the staff of Centre Commun de Mesures (CCM) for their help to the realization of the gas-sensing measurement setup.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aoumeur Boulerouah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stéphane Longuemart
    • 1
    • 2
  • Philippe Hus
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdelhak Hadj Sahraoui
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.UDSMM (EAC CNRS 4476), MREI-1Université du Littoral Côte d’OpaleDunkerqueFrance
  2. 2.Université Lille nord de FranceLilleFrance

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