Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 48, Issue 21, pp 7568–7573 | Cite as

Microstructure and thermal conductivity of carbon/carbon composites containing zirconium carbide

  • Cuiyan Li
  • Kezhi Li
  • Hejun Li
  • Yulei Zhang
  • Lei Liu
  • Can Sun


Carbon/carbon (C/C) composites containing zirconium carbide (ZrC) were prepared by a novel method. Carbon fiber felt with addition of zirconia was prepared by a microwave-hydrothermal reaction, followed by densification and graphitization. The crystalline structure of the pyrolytic carbon and morphology of the composites were investigated by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrascope, polarized light microscope, and scanning electron microscopy. Results show that the ZrC grains with sub-micron size present a homogeneous distribution in carbon matrix. The degree of order of the pyrolytic carbon matrix is decreased due to adding ZrC into the C/C composites. Graphitization degree of the C/C composites is decreased by the addition of ZrC. ZrC grains uniformly embedded in the pyrolytic carbon matrix act as pinning particles blocking the conversion of disordered to ordered structure during graphitization. Thermal conductivity is higher in the C/C composites containing ZrC, which is attributed to the increased phonon-defect interaction produced by the thermal motion of the CO in the micropores and gaps of the composites.


Carbon Fiber Carbon Matrix Pyrolytic Carbon Closed Porosity Zirconium Carbide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 50832004 and 50972120, and the Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to University under Grant No. B08040. And financially support by National “973” Project of the People’s Republic of China, under Grant No. 2011CB605806.


  1. 1.
    Qiu HP, Song YZ, Liu L, Zhai GT, Shi JL (2003) Carbon 41:973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hu XB, Cheng G, Zhao BY, Wang HM, Hu KA (2004) Carbon 42:381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Centeno A, Blanco C, Santamaria R, Granda M, Menendez R (2012) Carbon 50:3240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen Z, Wu WP, Chen ZF, Cong XN, Qiu JL (2012) Ceram Int 38:761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shen XT, Li KZ, Li HJ, Du HY, Cao WF, Lan FT (2010) Carbon 48:344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tong QF, Shi JL, Song YZ, Guo QG, Liu L (2004) Carbon 42:2495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang YG, Zhu XJ, Zhang LT, Cheng LF (2011) Ceram Int 37:1277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li SP, Li KZ, Li HJ, Li YL, Yuan QL (2009) Mater Sci Eng, A 517:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li YL, Wang JJ, Zhang Y, Banis MN, Liu J, Geng DS, Li RY, Sun XL (2012) J Colloid Interface Sci 369:123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li CY, Li KZ, Li HJ, Zhang YL, Ouyang HB, Liu L, Sun C (2013) J Alloys Compd 561:23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chu AM, Qin ML, Rafi-ud-din ZL, Lu HF, Jia BR, Qu XH (2013) Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 36:204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tong YG, Bai SX, Chen K (2012) Ceram Int 38:5723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li HJ, Yao DJ, Fu QG, Liu L, Zhang YL, Yao XY (2013) Carbon 52:418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zou LH, Huang BY, Huang Y, Huang QZ, Wang CA (2003) Mater Chem Phys 82:654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Luo RY, Liu T, Li JS, Zhang HB, Chen ZJ, Tian GL (2004) Carbon 42:2887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mallik M, Kailath AJ, Raya KK, Mitra R (2012) J Eur Ceram Soc 32:2545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Weber E, Fernandez M, Wapner P, Hoffman W (2010) Carbon 48:2151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vincent C, Silvain JF, Heintz JM, Chandra N (2012) J Phys Chem Solids 73:499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kamseu E, Nait-Ali B, Bignozzi MC, Leonelli C, Rossignol S, Smith DS (2012) J Eur Ceram Soc 32:1593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bourret J, Tessier-Doyen N, Nait-Ali B, Pennec F, Alzina A, Peyratout CS, Smith DS (2013) J Eur Ceram Soc 33:1487CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cuiyan Li
    • 1
  • Kezhi Li
    • 1
  • Hejun Li
    • 1
  • Yulei Zhang
    • 1
  • Lei Liu
    • 1
  • Can Sun
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Solidification ProcessingNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations