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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 48, Issue 14, pp 4843–4850 | Cite as

Electrospun carbon nanofibers with manganese dioxide nanoparticles for nonenzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensing

  • Xianping Xiao
  • Yonghai Song
  • Hongyu Liu
  • Mingyun Xie
  • Haoqing Hou
  • Li Wang
  • Zhuang Li
Article

Abstract

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) decorated by manganese dioxide nanoparticles (MnO2NPs) are prepared by an electrospinning technique, followed by thermal treatments in different environments. The obtained MnO2NPs–CNFs composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). SEM images showed that the surface of the CNFs was decorated with homogeneously dispersed nanoparticles with narrow size distribution. XRD and XPS characterizations confirmed the main composition of the nanoparticles was MnO2. Furthermore, for the strong catalytic oxidation ability of MnO2 toward hydrogen peroxide, the composite material was used as the matrix for nonenzymatic sensor construction. Cyclic voltammetry and amperometric response were applied to investigate the performance of the sensor. Under the optimum conditions, a wide linear range from 10 μM to 15 mM (R = 0.9994, R represents the correlation coefficient) with a low detection limit of 1.1 μM was obtained. The proposed sensor also displayed short response time, high sensitivity, good reproducibility and stability. These superior performances could be attributed to the large surface area and excellent electrocatalytic activity of the MnO2NPs–CNFs.

Keywords

MnO2 Acac Glassy Carbon Electrode Composite Nanofibers Amperometric Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21065005, 21165010), Young Scientist Foundation of Jiangxi Province (20112BCB23006, 20122BCB23013), Foundation of Jiangxi Educational Committee (GJJ10389), the Open Project Program of Key Laboratory of Functional Small organic molecule, Ministry of Education, Jiangxi Normal University (No. KLFS-KF-201214; KLFS-KF-201218).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Functional Small Organic Molecule, Ministry of EducationJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Changchun Institute of Applied ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

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