Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 997–1004 | Cite as

Evolution of texture and development of ∑3 n grain clusters in 316 austenitic stainless steel during thermal mechanical processing

  • Xiaoying Fang
  • Zhiyong Liu
  • M. Tikhonova
  • A. Belyakov
  • Weiguo Wang


A type 316 austenitic stainless steel sheet with various texture components along its thickness was slightly cold-rolled and then sequentially annealed at 1000 °C for 80 and 150 min. The evolution of texture and the development of grain clusters in which the grains are interfaced by ∑3 n (n = 0, 1, 2, 3…) boundaries (∑3 n GC) were studied by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). The results show that the texture difference along the thickness was minimized, and large (greater than 400 μ) ∑3 n GCs developed after cold rolling and annealing. In situ EBSD examination revealed that each ∑3 n GC was developed by the oriented-growth (OG) of brass ({110}\( \langle 112\rangle \)), copper ({112}\( \langle 111\rangle \)) and C1 ({114}\( \langle 041\rangle \)) orientations (including their geometric variants). These orientations are intrinsically related to ∑3 n misorientations. The abutting ∑3 n GCs with grains of nearly the same or ∑3 n -related orientations usually merged into a larger ∑3 n GC or resulted in an effective disruption of the connectivity of the random high angle grain boundary network.


Austenitic Stainless Steel Texture Evolution Orientation Distribution Function Orientation Imaging Microscopy EBSD Mapping 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants Nos. 50974147 and 51111120089/E0107, the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province under Grant No. 2009ZRB01176, and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under Grant No. 11-08-91163.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoying Fang
    • 1
  • Zhiyong Liu
    • 1
  • M. Tikhonova
    • 2
  • A. Belyakov
    • 2
  • Weiguo Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong University of TechnologyZiboChina
  2. 2.Belgorod State UniversityBelgorodRussia

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