CdSe/Cd1−x Zn x S core/shell quantum dots with tunable emission: growth and morphology evolution
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We demonstrate an organic synthesis to fabricate hydrophobic core/shell CdSe/Cd1−x Zn x S quantum dots (QDs) with tunable photoluminescence (PL) between green and red at relatively low temperature using trioctylphosphine S reacted directly with cadmium and zinc acetate. A seeded growth strategy was used for preparing large CdSe cores. Large CdSe cores revealed a rod-like morphology while small one exhibited a spherical shape. Being coated with a Cd1−x Zn x S shell on spherical CdSe cores with an average size of 3.9 nm in diameter, core/shell QDs exhibited a cubic morphology (a length of 5 nm). In contrast, the core/shell QDs created using a small core (3.3 nm in diameter) show a spherical morphology. Namely, the anisotropic aggregation behavior of CdS monomers on CdSe cores occurs when the rod-like core is coated with a Cd1−x Zn x S shell. CdS interlayer plays an important role for such morphology evolution because all CdSe cores with a pure ZnS shell exhibited a spherical morphology. The PL properties of CdSe/Cd1−x Zn x S core/shell QDs depended strongly on the size and morphology of the cores. The QDs revealed a narrow and tunable PL spectrum. It is believed that this facile strategy can be extended to synthesize other core–shell QDs at low temperature.
KeywordsInjection Speed CdSe Core Cadmium Acetate Dihydrate Seed Growth Approach Octadecylphosphonic Acid