Indentation creep of the wrought AZ31 magnesium alloy
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Creep behavior of a wrought Mg–3Al–1Zn (AZ31) alloy was investigated by long-term Vickers indentation testing under constant loads of 5 and 10 N and at temperatures in the range 423–523 K. Based on the steady-state power-law creep relationship, the stress exponents were determined. The creep behavior can be divided into two stress regimes with different stress exponents and activation energy values. The low-stress regime activation energy of 96.2 kJ mol−1, which can be interpreted as that for the activation energy for Al diffusion in Mg, and stress exponents of about 3.0–3.4 suggest that the operative creep mechanism is dislocation viscous glide governed by the diffusion of aluminum atoms in magnesium. This behavior is in contrast to the high-stress regime, in which the average values of n = 6 and Q = 132.4 kJ mol−1 imply that dislocation climb-controlled creep is the dominant deformation mechanism. Stress exponents and activation energies obtained by different analysis methods of the indentation tests are in good agreement with each other and with those of the conventional tensile creep tests on AZ31 magnesium alloy reported in the literature. The localized indentation creep tests are, thus, considered capable of acquiring reliable information on the creep behavior of wrought magnesium alloys.
KeywordsCreep Behavior Stress Exponent AZ31 Alloy Indentation Creep Pipe Diffusion
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