Vacancies, dislocations, and interfaces are structural defects that are deliberately introduced into solids during grain refinement processes based on severe plastic deformation (SPD). Specific combinations of these defects determine the improved mechanical properties of the obtained ultrafine-grained materials. High-precision, non-equilibrium dilatometry, i.e., measurement of the irreversible macroscopic length change upon defect annealing, provides a powerful technique for the characterization and the study of the kinetics of these defects. It is applied to determine absolute concentrations of vacancies, to characterize dislocation processes, and to assess grain boundary excess volume in pure, FCC and BCC ultrafine-grained metals processed by SPD.
Severe Plastic Deformation Length Change Bulk Metallic Glass Dilatometry Linear Thermal Expansion
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access
Financial support by Austrian Science Fund (FWF): P21009-N20 is appreciated.