Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 9, pp 3925–3948 | Cite as

Materials development for intermediate-temperature solid oxide electrochemical devices

  • Ainara Aguadero
  • Lydia Fawcett
  • Samuel Taub
  • Russell Woolley
  • Kuan-Ting Wu
  • Ning Xu
  • John A. Kilner
  • Stephen J. Skinner
Anniversary Review


One of the major challenges in developing electrochemical devices for energy generation has been the identification and development of materials with outstanding performance at reduced (intermediate) temperatures (500–700 °C), increasing the durability and lowering the cost of the device. A solid-state electrochemical cell is in outline a simple device consisting of three components: anode, electrolyte and cathode. The function of each component is critical to cell performance, and as interest in fuel cells and electrolysers has gathered pace, many materials have been evaluated as functional components of these cells. Typically, the requirement for new materials development has been the drive to lower operation temperature, overcoming sluggish reaction kinetics in existing materials. Novel materials for the functional components of both electrolysers and fuel cells are introduced, with emphasis placed on the air electrode and electrolyte, with the potential of new classes of materials discussed, including layered materials, defect fluorites and tetrahedrally coordinated phases. Furthermore, the opportunity presented by thin film deposition to characterize anisotropic transport in materials and develop devices based on thin films is discussed.


Cathode Material LaCoO3 Maximum Power Density Composite Cathode Oxygen Permeation Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ainara Aguadero
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lydia Fawcett
    • 1
  • Samuel Taub
    • 1
  • Russell Woolley
    • 1
  • Kuan-Ting Wu
    • 1
  • Ning Xu
    • 1
  • John A. Kilner
    • 1
  • Stephen J. Skinner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MaterialsImperial College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de MadridC.S.I.CCantoblanco MadridSpain

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