Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 6, pp 2700–2711 | Cite as

Hydroxyethylcellulose surface treatment of natural fibres: the new ‘twist’ in yarn preparation and optimization for composites applicability

  • Darshil U. Shah
  • Peter J. Schubel
  • Peter Licence
  • Mike J. Clifford


The use of low-cost renewable natural fibres as reinforcements for structural composites is attractive but requires specific considerations over that of textile industry requirements. Textile yarns are twisted for processability and increased tensile strength. However, reinforcements employing twisted yarns produce poorer composites due to hindered yarn impregnation, inadequate wettability and compromised orientation efficiency. Whilst assessing the physical properties of select plant fibre yarns that determine reinforcement/composite properties, a strong correlation between yarn twist and compaction is observed. This manuscript also examines a novel plant fibre treatment method using hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC). HEC treatment not only enables intra- and inter-yarn binding thus allowing easy preparation of aligned fabrics, but also improves yarn mechanical properties whilst maintaining physical properties such as low twist. It is noticed that low twist yarns are more responsive to HEC treatment; the tenacity and stiffness of low twist flax is observed to increase by 230 and 75%, respectively.


Twist Angle Packing Fraction Flax Fibre Plant Fibre Yarn Strength 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This project is supported by the Nottingham Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre (EPSRC, project title ‘Sustainable manufacture of wind turbine blades using natural fibre composites and optimal design tools’). We also thank Janata and Sadat Jute Ltd., Safilin and Biotex Netcomposites for the supply of quality plant fibre yarns.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darshil U. Shah
    • 1
  • Peter J. Schubel
    • 1
  • Peter Licence
    • 2
  • Mike J. Clifford
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymer Composites Group, Division of Materials, Mechanics and Structures, Faculty of EngineeringThe University of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.School of ChemistryThe University of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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