Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 1504–1513 | Cite as

Determination of local stress–strain properties of resistance spot-welded joints of advanced high-strength steels using the instrumented indentation test

  • Christian Ullner
  • Stephan Brauser
  • Andreas Subaric-Leitis
  • Gert Weber
  • Michael Rethmeier


For spot-welded joints, the resistance to mechanical stress depends on the local strength properties and gradients in the weld area. The commonly used methods for investigating the stress–strain behaviour across the weld area are connected with a high level of sample preparation and with considerable limitations in local resolution. A promising method for determining locally resolved stress–strain curves is the instrumented indentation test in connection with the method of representative stress and strain (RS) and the method of artificial neural networks (NNs). The stress–strain properties of the weld nugget and the base metal determined by these two methods are compared and discussed, additionally in relation to the stress–strain curves obtained from the tensile test. The measured Vickers hardness across the weld area is compared with the evaluated local stress–strain properties. Three steels used in automobile manufacturing are investigated: mild steel DC04 and two advanced high-strength steels (TRIP steel HCT690T and martensitic steel HDT 1200M). The results of the two methods (RS and NN) show good correspondence for the base metal area but some significant differences for the weld nugget. Comparing the data across the weld area, no evidence of the presence of residual stress (which would influence the results) was found.


Base Metal Mild Steel Strain Curve Heat Affected Zone Indentation Depth 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Ullner
    • 1
  • Stephan Brauser
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andreas Subaric-Leitis
    • 1
  • Gert Weber
    • 1
  • Michael Rethmeier
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer IPKBerlinGermany

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