Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 341–349 | Cite as

Preparation of porous spherical ZrO2–SiO2 composite particles using templating and its solid acidity by H2SO4 treatment

  • Shuhei Uchiyama
  • Toshihiro Isobe
  • Sachiko Matsushita
  • Kiyotaka Nakajima
  • Michikazu Hara
  • Akira Nakajima


Porous ZrO2–SiO2 composite sphere particles were prepared by impregnating precursor solutions into organic monolith particles, with subsequent calcination in air. The porous spheres possessed uniformly sized pores of around 10 nm. Addition of SiO2–ZrO2 decreased the ZrO2 crystallinity and increased the specific surface area. The acid amount on the surface of the composite spheres was increased by treatment with H2SO4. The acid strength and its amount, including the Lewis/Brønsted acid ratio, depended on the SiO2/ZrO2 ratio and the H2SO4 concentration. The powder treated under an optimum condition exhibited higher solid acidity than the reference solid acid catalyst. The prepared porous SO4 2−/ZrO2–SiO2 spheres showed higher saccharization activity than the reference solid acid catalyst did.


Composite Particle Large Specific Surface Area Acid Amount Porous Sphere 20Si Powder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to staff of the Center of Advanced Materials Analysis at Tokyo Institute of Technology for SEM observations.

Supplementary material

10853_2011_5803_MOESM1_ESM.doc (338 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 338 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuhei Uchiyama
    • 1
  • Toshihiro Isobe
    • 1
  • Sachiko Matsushita
    • 1
  • Kiyotaka Nakajima
    • 2
  • Michikazu Hara
    • 2
  • Akira Nakajima
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgy and Ceramic ScienceGraduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Materials and Structures LaboratoryTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohamaJapan

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