Influence of sputtering pressure on the structure and ionic conductivity of thin film amorphous electrolyte
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Ionic conducting thin film amorphous electrolytes are promising candidates for microelectronics applications. This study presents an investigation into the structure and composition of lithium phosphorus oxynitride (LiPON) thin film electrolyte prepared using radio frequency (RF) sputtering on Li3PO4 target. The ionic conductivity of LiPON thin films has been dramatically improved by decreasing N2 pressure. X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) were used to determine the structure and composition of LiPON thin films. It was found that increasing the N2 pressure during the deposition process resulted in a greatly decreased formation of triply coordinated –N<(Nt) as compared to doubly coordinated –N=(Nd) in LiPON thin films. These results indicate that the Nt structural unit plays an important role in the improvement of ionic conductivity as compared to the Nd structural unit. It also shows that PO2N2 tetrahedra with two Nt structural units exist in LiPON thin films at low N2 pressures. Consequently, the improved ionic conductivity of the LiPON thin film deposited at low pressure results from the existence of PO2N2 tetrahedra with two Nt structural units in LiPON thin film. PO2N2 tetrahedra with two Nt structural units provides higher cross-linking density of the glass network and lower electrostatic energy than with two Nd structural units.
KeywordsIonic Conductivity Glass Network Maximum Ionic Conductivity Thin Film Electrolyte LiPON Thin Film
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