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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 22, pp 7160–7168 | Cite as

Solid acid catalysts for dehydration of glycerol to acrolein in gas phase

  • E. Kraleva
  • R. Palcheva
  • L. Dimitrov
  • U. Armbruster
  • A. Brückner
  • A. Spojakina
Size Dependent Effects

Abstract

The reaction of glycerol dehydration to acrolein was performed at temperatures 220–300 °C over Keggin-type heteropolyacid (H3PW12O40·xH2O), supported on alumina and W-modified SBA-15 (Si/W = 20). The supports and catalysts were characterized by nitrogen adsorption, XRD, IR, UV–Vis DRS, SEM, and TPD of NH3. The acid sites strength, determined according to data from TPD of ammonia, follows the order: HPW/W-SBA-15 > W-SBA-15 > H3PW12O40 > HPW/γ-Al2O3 > γ-Al2O3. It was found that this order well correlates with the catalytic activity of studied samples. The most active and selective sample, HPW/W-SBA-15, showed acrolein selectivity of about 75% at almost 100% conversion of glycerol in all studied temperature interval.

Keywords

Acrolein Solid Acid Catalyst H3PW12O40 Glycerol Conversion Lewis Site 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Fund “SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH” (project no: POSTDOC_09_0002/2010). E. K is indebted to the M.E. for a postdoctoral grant in Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse e.V (LIKAT Rostock), Germany.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Kraleva
    • 1
  • R. Palcheva
    • 2
  • L. Dimitrov
    • 3
  • U. Armbruster
    • 4
  • A. Brückner
    • 4
  • A. Spojakina
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Laboratory of General EcologyBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Institute of CatalysisBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography “Acad. I. Kostov”SofiaBulgaria
  4. 4.Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse e.V. an der Universität RostockRostockGermany

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