Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 2600–2605 | Cite as

Fabrication and characterization of superhydrophobic high opacity paper with titanium dioxide nanoparticles

  • Lianghui Huang
  • Kefu Chen
  • Chunxiang Lin
  • Rendang Yang
  • Rosario A. Gerhardt
Article

Abstract

A new type of paper with superhydrophobic surface was prepared by addition of modified nano-TiO2 to cellulose pulp. Nano-TiO2 powder was first dispersed with a high-speed homogenizer, followed by surface modification with the coupling agent, 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl methacrylate (MPS). The superhydrophobic and opaque paper was obtained by adding the modified nano-TiO2 to plant fiber to change its characteristics from hydrophilic to hydrophobic. The effects of the initial content of the coupling agent MPS used, on the weight percentage of MPS attached on the surface of nano-TiO2 were studied. The obtained paper was characterized by contact angle measurements and SEM. The results showed that the water contact angles for the modified paper ranged from 126.5 to 154.2°, and the sliding angle was <3°. Moreover, many well-dispersed nano-TiO2 protuberances were observed on the surface of the paper, which further confirmed that the obtained paper was superhydrophobic on account of its nanostructure. Comparative optical studies performed on the paper handsheets revealed a much higher opacity for the sample with the MPS-modified-TiO2 nanoparticles.

Keywords

TiO2 TiO2 Nanoparticles Coupling Agent Water Contact Angle Contact Angle Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Sjostrom E (1993) Wood chemistry—fundamentals and applications. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klemm D, Heublein B, Fink HP, Bohn A (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 44:3358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balu B, Kim JS, Breedveld V, Hess DW (2009) J Adhes Sci Technol 20:361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Balu B, Breedveld V, Hess DW (2008) Langmuir 24:4785Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Balu B, Berry AD, Hess DW, Breedveld V (2009) Lab Chip 9:3066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Can Q, Werner O, Lars W, Charlotta T (2009) J Supercrit Fluid 49:117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zou JH, Chen H, Anindarupa C, Yu Y, Huo Q, Lei Z (2008) Adv Mater 20:3337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hu ZS, Zen XY, Gong J, Deng Y (2009) Colloid Surf A 351:65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Oskar W, Can Q, Charlotta T, Bert P, Lars W (2010) Cellulose 17:187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bruzewicz DA, Meital R, George MW (2008) Anal Chem 80:3387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang H (2008) J Colloid Interf Sci 325:588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Roberts JC (1996) Paper chemistry, 2nd edn. Backi Academic and Professional, GlasgowGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Neimo L (ed) (1999) Papermaking science technology: papermaking chemistry. Fapet Oy, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rong Y, Chen HZ, Wu G, Wang M (2005) Mater Chem Phys 91:370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bedri E, Hunsicker RA, Simmons GW, Sudol ED, Dimonie VL, El-Aasser MS (2001) Langmuir 17:2269Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bauer F, Glasel HJ, Decker U, Ernst H, Freyer A, Hartmann E, Sauerland V, Mehnert R (2003) Prog Org Coat 47:147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Erhan S (2009) J Biomech 3:19Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tsafack MJ, Levalois-Grutzmacher J (2006) Surf Coat Technol 200:3503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nitta SV, Pisupatti V, Jain A, Wayner PC Jr, Gill WN, Plawsky JL (1999) J Vac Sci Technol B 17(1):205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Antonow D, Graebin CS, Eifler-Lima VL (2004) J Braz Chem Soc 5:782Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Matos MC, Ilharco LM, Almeida RM (1992) J Non-Cryst Solids 147:232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Guerra RM, Duran P, Ortiz (2008) J Oral Rehabil 23:632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rueggeberg F, Hashinger DT, Fairhurst CW (1990) Dent Mater 6:241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Primeau N, Vautey C, Langlet M (1997) Thin Solid Films 310:47CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lianghui Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kefu Chen
    • 1
  • Chunxiang Lin
    • 1
  • Rendang Yang
    • 1
  • Rosario A. Gerhardt
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations