Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 509–517 | Cite as

Photopolymerisation and characterisation of negative temperature sensitive hydrogels based on N,N-diethylacrylamide

  • Luke M. Geever
  • John G. Lyons
  • Clement L. Higginbotham


Despite the many advantages of photopolymerisation in the fabrication of hydrogels, studies on the synthesis of poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide) (PDEAAm) using this technique have received limited attention in the literature. A series of temperature sensitive hydrogels were prepared by free-radical crosslinking copolymerisation of N,N-diethylacrylamide (DEAAm) with 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NVP) and N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMAAm), respectively. Two ultraviolet (UV) light sensitive initiators were trialled in the synthesis, namely 1-hydroxycyclohexylphenylketone and 2-hydroxy-1-[4-(hydroxy-ethoxy)phenyl]-2-methyl-1-propanone, with poly(ethylene glycol)dimethacrylate being used as the crosslinking agent. The lower critical solution temperatures (LCSTs) of the hydrogels synthesised were shown to be close to body temperature using cloud point measurement and modulated differential scanning calorimetry, which is favourable particularly for ‘smart’ drug delivery applications. The swelling behaviour of the samples was investigated upon stepwise temperature change revealing that the hydrogels underwent reproducible pulsatile swelling behaviour. Oscillatory rheological studies showed that increasing the ratio of crosslinking agent could be used as a means of improving the mechanical properties of the photopolymerised temperature sensitive hydrogels.


Cloud Point Lower Critical Solution Temperature PNIPAAm Drug Delivery Application Cloud Point Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported in parts by grants from both the Irish Department of Education (Core Research Strengths Enhancement-Technological Sector Research: Strand III) and the Athlone Institute of Technology Research and Development Fund.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luke M. Geever
    • 1
  • John G. Lyons
    • 1
  • Clement L. Higginbotham
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Research InstituteAthlone Institute of TechnologyCo. WestmeathIreland

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