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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 23, pp 6283–6312 | Cite as

Science and engineering of electrospun nanofibers for advances in clean energy, water filtration, and regenerative medicine

  • S. Ramakrishna
  • R. Jose
  • P. S. Archana
  • A. S. Nair
  • R. Balamurugan
  • J. Venugopal
  • W. E. Teo
IMEC 2009

Abstract

Nanostructured materials with high aspect ratio and one-dimensional (ID) morphology are nature’s choices when high degree of functional performances and flexible properties are concerned. Two examples are extracellular matrices in tissues of living organism, and light harvesting rods of the retina and chlorophyll. Electrospinning (E-spinning) is a simple processing technique that allows fabrication of high aspect ratio nanofibers (NFs) in a commercial scale. Electrospun nanofibers (E-spun NFs) combine a number of physical properties such as guided electron transport, strain-induced electronic properties, high mechanical strength, high degree of flexibility, large specific surface area, high electron and thermal diffusivity, and tailorable pore distribution. Our laboratory has been involved in fabrication of E-spun polymeric, inorganic, and polymer-nanocomposite fibers in random, aligned, cross-aligned, sheaths, tubes, yarns, core/shell, and trilayer morphologies. This article focuses on application of the E-spun fibers in the areas of clean energy, water treatment, and regenerative medicine in the authors’ laboratory. In addition, the article briefly reviews the progress made in these areas using E-spun NFs.

Keywords

TiO2 High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope TiO2 Film Interfacial Polymerization Electron Lifetime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge fellow colleagues at the Healthcare and Energy Materials Laboratory, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative, National University of Singapore. Photovoltaic and lithium ion battery researches are supported by the National Research Foundation, Singapore through the clean energy program office (NRF-CRP4-2008-03) and Competitive Research Project (NRF2007EWT-CERP01-0531). The clean water program is supported by the Environment and Water Industry (EWI) Development Council, Government of Singapore through the funded project “Development of low pressure, high flux UF and NF membranes based on electrospun nanofibers for water treatment (EDB (EWI)-0601-IRIS-062-04)”. The clean regenerative medicine program is supported by NRF––Technion project (R-398-001-063-281).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ramakrishna
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. Jose
    • 1
    • 4
  • P. S. Archana
    • 1
  • A. S. Nair
    • 1
  • R. Balamurugan
    • 1
  • J. Venugopal
    • 1
  • W. E. Teo
    • 1
  1. 1.Healthcare and Energy Materials LaboratoryNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE)SingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.King Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  4. 4.Faculty of Industrial Science and TechnologyUniversiti Malaysia PahangPahangMalaysia

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