Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 13, pp 3652–3660 | Cite as

Young’s modulus evolution at high temperature of SiC refractory castables

  • O. Bahloul
  • T. Chotard
  • M. Huger
  • C. Gault


The evolution of Young’s modulus versus temperature has been evaluated in SiC-based hydraulically bonded refractories used in waste-to-energy (WTE) plants. Two types of low cement castables (LCC) with 60 and 85 wt% of SiC aggregates have been considered. The study was conducted by the way of a high temperature ultrasonic pulse-echo technique which allowed in situ measurement of Young’s modulus during heat treatment starting from the as-cured state up to 1400 °C in air or in neutral atmosphere (Ar) and during thermal cycles at intermediate temperatures (1000 and 1200 °C). For comparison in order to facilitate interpretation, thermal expansion has also been followed by dilatometry performed in the same conditions. Results are discussed in correlation with phase transformations occurring in the oxide matrix (dehydration at low temperature, crystallization of phases in the CaO–Al2O3–SiO2 system) above 800 °C and damage occurring when cooling. The influence of oxidation of SiC aggregates on elastic properties is also discussed.


Thermal Cycle Cristobalite Oxide Matrix Refractory Concrete Isothermal Expansion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are thankful to the CALDERYS company for materials supplying and to the French National Research Agency (ANR) and the Limousin Region Council for their financial supports.


  1. 1.
    Schulle W (1999) Interceram 48(6):380Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Serry MA, Telle R (2000) Am Ceram Bull 79(11):71Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Auvray JM, Gault C, Huger M (2008) J Eur Ceram Soc 28:1953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sarpoolaky H, Ahari KG, Lee WE (2002) Ceram Int 28:487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhan DG, Shi JL, Zhou Y, Zhang YZ, Lai TR, Yen TS (1996) J Mater Sci 31(12):3237. doi: 10.1007/BF00354674 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kamenskikh VA, Kashcheev ID, Mityushov NA, Gulyaev AA, Kotova MV, Kiselev AS, Leshkeev SA (2005) Refract Ind Ceram 46(6):412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kulkarni N, Moudgil B, Bhardwaj M (1994) Am Ceram Soc Bull 73(6):146Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jun CK, Shaffer PTB (1972) Mater Res Bull 7(1):63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Huger M, Fargeot D, Gault C (2002) High Temp High Press 34:193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gault C (1989) Am Mater Res Symp Proc Holbrook J, Bussiere J (ed) 142:263Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Doncieux A, Stagnol D, Huger M, Chotard T, Gault C, Ota T, Hashimoto S (2008) J Mater Sci 43(12):4167. doi: 10.1007/s10853-007-2414-z CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bahloul O (2009) PhD thesis. University of Limoges, FranceGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zimmermann J, Krause O (2008) Proceedings of the 51st International Colloquium on Refractories, Forschungsgemeinschaft Feuerfest e.V. ed, Bonn, Germany, p 20Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yeugo Fogaing E (2006) Thesis of the University of Limoges, FranceGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Huger M, Tessier-Doyen N, Chotard T, Gault C (2007) Ceram Forum Int 84(9):E93Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bahloul O, Gault C, Huger M, Chotard T (2008) Proceedings of the 51st International Colloquium on Refractories Aachen, Forschungsgemeinschaft Feuerfest e.V. ed, Bonn, Germany, p 202Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Auvray JM, Gault C, Huger M (2007) J Eur Ceram Soc 27(12):3489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Costello JA, Tressler RE (1981) J Am Ceram Soc 64(5–6):327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vickridge I, Ganem J, Hoshino Y, Trimaille I (2007) J Appl Phys D 40:6254CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Presser V, Loges A, Hemberger Y, Nickel KG (2009) J Am Ceram Soc 92(3):724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Doncieux A, Bahloul O, Huger M, Gault C, Chotard T, Meunier P (2009) Proceedings of the 11th Biennal Worldwide Congress UNITECR, Salvador Brazil, paper N°144Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tessier-Doyen N, Glandus JC, Huger M (2007) J Mater Sci 42(14):2834. doi: 10.1007/s10853-006-1386-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Groupe d’Etude des Matériaux Hétérogènes, ENSCILimogesFrance

Personalised recommendations