To improve the mechanical properties and oxidation-resistance properties, a C–TaC–C multi-interlayer structure was introduced in carbon/carbon (C/C) composites by chemical vapor infiltration. Compared with conventional C/C composites, a higher fracture toughness and strength have been achieved by using the C–TaC–C multi-interlayer. In addition, the composites also exhibit a higher preliminary oxidation temperature and a lower mass loss at high temperatures. The oxidation rate of the composites increases with temperature increasing in the range of 700–1300 °C, reaching a maximum value at 1300 °C, then decreases in 1300–1400 °C. A hexagonal structure of Ta2O5 phase is obtained when being oxidized at 700–800 °C, and it transforms to an orthorhombic phase at temperatures above 900 °C. The structures of C–TaC–C multi-interlayer are intact without cracks or porosities after being oxidized at 700–800 °C. In 900–1300 °C, the composites are oxidized uniformly with the formation of pores. At temperatures above 1300 °C, there are oxidation and non-oxidation regions with the oxidation process being controlled by diffusion.
Carbon Fiber TaCl5 Flexural Strength High Fracture Toughness Chemical Vapor Infiltration
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This research work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under the Grant No. 50872154 and by Creative research group of National Natural Science Foundation of China under the Grant No. 50721003.