Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 13, pp 3477–3482 | Cite as

Mechanical properties and oxidation behaviors of carbon/carbon composites with C–TaC–C multi-interlayer

  • Zhao-ke Chen
  • Xiang Xiong
  • Guo-dong Li
  • Ya-lei Wang


To improve the mechanical properties and oxidation-resistance properties, a C–TaC–C multi-interlayer structure was introduced in carbon/carbon (C/C) composites by chemical vapor infiltration. Compared with conventional C/C composites, a higher fracture toughness and strength have been achieved by using the C–TaC–C multi-interlayer. In addition, the composites also exhibit a higher preliminary oxidation temperature and a lower mass loss at high temperatures. The oxidation rate of the composites increases with temperature increasing in the range of 700–1300 °C, reaching a maximum value at 1300 °C, then decreases in 1300–1400 °C. A hexagonal structure of Ta2O5 phase is obtained when being oxidized at 700–800 °C, and it transforms to an orthorhombic phase at temperatures above 900 °C. The structures of C–TaC–C multi-interlayer are intact without cracks or porosities after being oxidized at 700–800 °C. In 900–1300 °C, the composites are oxidized uniformly with the formation of pores. At temperatures above 1300 °C, there are oxidation and non-oxidation regions with the oxidation process being controlled by diffusion.


Carbon Fiber TaCl5 Flexural Strength High Fracture Toughness Chemical Vapor Infiltration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under the Grant No. 50872154 and by Creative research group of National Natural Science Foundation of China under the Grant No. 50721003.


  1. 1.
    Tang SF, Deng JY, Wang SJ, Liu WC, Yang K (2007) Mater Sci Eng A 465:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Raman V, Bhatia G, Mishra A, Sengupta PR, Saha M, Rashmi (2005) Mater Sci Eng A 412:31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Virgil’ev YS, Kalyagina IP (2004) Inorg Mater 40:S33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guo WM, Xiao HN (2007) Carbon 45:1058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wunder V, Popovska N, Wegner A, Emig G, Arnold A (1998) Surf Coat Technol 100–101:329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhu YC, Ohtani S, Sato Y, Iwamoto N (2000) Carbon 38:501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Manocha LM, Manocha S, Patel KB, Glogar P (2000) Carbon 38:1481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cairo CAA, Florian M, Graca MLA, Bressiani JC (2003) Mater Sci Eng A 358:298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Han JC, He XD, Du SY (1995) Carbon 33:473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Labruquére S, Blanchard H, Pailler R, Naslain R (2002) J Eur Ceram Soc 22:1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fiber interface coatings (2009-10-22) US Ultramet. Accessed 2009
  12. 12.
    Yang WB, Zhang LT, Liu YS, Cheng LF, Zhang WH (2007) Appl Compos Mater 14:277CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lu GF, Qiao SR, Zhang CY, Hou JT, Jia DC, Zhang YB (2008) Compos Part A 39:1467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xiong X, Wang YL, Chen ZK, Li GD (2009) Solid State Sci 11:1386CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pasquier S, Lamon J, Naslain R (1998) Compos Part A 29A:1157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bertrand S, Droillard C, Pailler R, Bourrat X, Naslain R (2000) J Eur Ceram Soc 20:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kaur M, Kumar S, Sengupta PR (2009) J Mater Sci 44:2128. doi: 10.1007/s10853-009-3307-0 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Xu YD, Cheng LF, Zhang LT, Yin HF, Yin XW (2001) Mater Sci Eng A 300:196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Krishnan RR, Gopchandran KG, MahadevanPillai VP, Ganesan V, Sathe V (2009) Appl Surf Sci 255:7126CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhao-ke Chen
    • 1
  • Xiang Xiong
    • 1
  • Guo-dong Li
    • 1
  • Ya-lei Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations