Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 12, pp 3270–3275 | Cite as

Electronic and optical properties of monoclinic and rutile vanadium dioxide



The electronic and optical properties of vanadium dioxide are investigated in the frameworks of density functional theory and GGA+U, in detail. It is found that, the metal–insulator transition in VO2 is induced by the on-site correlation effects, accompanied with a distinct charge-transfer. Unlike that in rutile phase, the energy gap in the monoclinic phase opens suddenly and abruptly, which is consistent with the experimental observation. The calculated indirect energy gap (0.32 eV) and the direct energy gap (0.58 eV) can be used to theoretically interpret the experimental optical transmission at 0.31 eV and the optical energy gap 0.6 eV, respectively. Consequently, both of them are confirmed by our optical calculation. Furthermore, our calculated optical absorption peaks agree with the experiment very well.


Versus Atom Vanadium Dioxide Generalize Gradient Approximation Bond Population Optical Absorption Peak 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work is supported by the major research program from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China under Grant No. 2009CB939901. Numerical computation of this work was carried out on the Parallel Computer Cluster of Institute for Condensed Matter Physics (ICMP) at School of Physics, Peking University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of PhysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Graduate DepartmentTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina

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